decided: September 10, 1982.
KULZER ROOFING, INC. AND ROOFING AND SHEET METAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION, PETITIONERS
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND INDUSTRY AND THE BRISTOL TOWNSHIP SCHOOL DISTRICT, RESPONDENTS
Appeal from the Order of the Pennsylvania Prevailing Wage Appeals Board in the case of In the Matter of Kulzer Roofing, Inc. and Roofing and Sheet Metal Contractors Association v. Secretary, Department of Labor and Industry, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and Bristol Township School Board.
David C. Toomey, with him John B. Nason, III, and Richard L. Thurston, Duane, Morris & Heckscher, for petitioners.
Richard L. Cole, Jr., Chief Counsel, for respondent, Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.
Richard R. Riese, with him Robert H. Shoop, Jr., and Richard I. Thomas, Thorp, Reed & Armstrong, for Amicus Curiae, Roofing Contractors Association of Western Pennsylvania, Inc.
Richard B. Sigmond, with him Bernard N. Katz, Meranze, Katz, Spear & Wilderman, for Amici Curiae, Pennsylvania Building and Construction Trades Council, AFL-CIO, Building and Construction Trades Council of Philadelphia and Vicinity, AFL-CIO, and United Slate, Tile and Composition Roofers, Damp and Waterproof Workers Association, Local No. 30, AFL-CIO, in Support of Petitioners.
F. Warren Jacoby, Jacoby, Donner & Jacoby, for Amici Curiae, General Building Contractors Association, Inc., Mechanical Contractors Association of Eastern Pennsylvania, Inc., Mechanical Contractors Association of Western Pennsylvania, Inc. and Penn-Del-Jersey Chapter National Electrical Contractors Association.
Harry R. Harmon, Harmon & Associates, for Amicus Curiae, Keystone Chapter, Associated Builders & Contractors, Inc.
President Judge Crumlish, Jr. and Judges Rogers, Blatt, Craig and MacPhail. Opinion by Judge Blatt. Judge MacPhail dissents.
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 644]
The petitioners*fn1 seek review of a decision of the Department of Labor and Industry (Department)
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 645]
which determined that the minimum wage requirements of the Pennsylvania Prevailing Wage Act (Act), Act of August 15, 1961, P.L. 987, as amended, 43 P.S. §§ 165-1 -- 165-17, did not apply to the reroofing projects here concerned.
The Bristol Township School District invited bids on a project to reroof eight of its buildings and sought a determination from the Secretary of Labor and Industry as to the prevailing minimum wage for workmen employed on the project. Sections 5 and 7 of the Act, 43 P.S. §§ 165-5 and 165-7. The Secretary held that this Court's decision in Kitson Brothers, Inc. v. Department of Labor & Industry, 51 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 320, 414 A.2d 179 (1980), controlled and that the reroofing here involved did not fall within the definition of "public work" contained in Section 2(5) of the Act, 43 P.S. § 165-2(5). He, therefore, ruled that the project was not subject to the provisions of the Act. The petitioners' subsequent appeal to the Prevailing Wage Appeals Board was denied and the instant petition for review was then filed.
In Kitson Brothers, a contract was awarded to replace the roof on a cell block at Graterford State Correctional Institute and during the performance of the contract the Department cited the contractor for violation of Section 5 of the Act which required prevailing minimum wages to be paid on all public work. This Court noted that "public work" was defined as "construction, reconstruction, demolition, alteration and/or repair work other than maintenance work . . ." in which the estimated cost of the project exceeded $25,000, Section 2(5) of the Act, 43 P.S. § 165-2(5), and that "maintenance work" was defined in Section 2(3) of the Act, 43 P.S. § 165-2(3), as "the repair of existing facilities when the size, type or extent of such facilities is not thereby changed or increased." We determined that the word "facilities" in the definition
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 646]
of "maintenance work" referred to the entire cell block and that inasmuch as replacement of the roof did not change or increase the "size, type or extent" of the cell block, the reroofing project was maintenance work and not covered by the Act. Judge Craig filed a dissenting opinion contending that the word "facilities" referred to the component parts of the cell block and that the roof which was replaced was a facility which had undergone a change in type and was therefore a public work.
The petitioners contend that Kitson Brothers incorrectly included reroofing projects with the definition of "maintenance work" and that we should reconsider that decision and find here that the term "facilities" in the definition of "maintenance work" refers not to the entire building but to the component parts of the building, including the roof, the repair of which would, therefore, be public work. Upon review of that case and the pertinent rules of statutory construction, we must agree that our prior interpretation of the language of the Act in this respect did not reflect the General Assembly's intentions.
It is axiomatic that we may not disregard those words or phrases in a statute which are clear and free from doubt, Section 1921(b) of the Statutory Construction Act of 1972, 1 Pa. C.S. § 1921, but where, as here, the words of a statute are ambiguous, the terms must be interpreted to effectuate the intentions of the General Assembly by taking into account such considerations as the necessity for and the circumstances surrounding the enactment of the statute, the evil which it sought to remedy and the object which was to be attained. Sections 1921(a) and (c) of the Statutory Construction Act of 1972, 1 Pa. C.S. §§ 1921(a) and (c). Moreover, the terms of a statute must be liberally construed in order to effect its purposes.
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 647]
Section 1928(c) of the Statutory Construction Act of 1972, 1 Pa. C.S. § 1928(c).
The purpose of the Act here concerned was to protect workmen employed on public projects from substandard pay by ensuring that they receive the prevailing minimum wage. Pennsylvania Prevailing Wage Appeals Board v. Steve Black, Inc., 27 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 21, 365 A.2d 685 (1976). And now, upon further consideration, we do not believe that our decision in Kitson Brothers was consistent with the legislative intent or objectives of the Act.
As already noted, our previous determination that reroofing work was not public work centered upon the conclusion that the word "facilities" in the definition of "maintenance work" referred to a change in the size, type or extent of the entire building not just its components. The word "facilities", however, was not defined in the Act and we must therefore give it its common and approved usage. Section 1903(a) of the Statutory Construction Act of 1972, 1 Pa. C.S. § 1903(a). Webster's Third International Dictionary 812-13 (1966) defines "facility" as "something (as a hospital, machinery, plumbing) that is built, constructed, installed, or established to perform some particular function or to serve or facilitate some particular end." This definition clearly demonstrates that the word "facility" not only refers to an entire structure (a hospital) but also to its component parts (machinery or plumbing) and we believe, to its roof.
Moreover, other rules of statutory construction support this conclusion. The Act defined public work to include repair work, 43 P.S. § 165-2(5), but created a subset within the general concept of repair work which was not to be considered public work. That subset was maintenance work. Our decision in Kitson Brothers, if extended, would hold that repairs to any part of a building which did not change the type or
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 648]
size of the building would be maintenance work. Under such a holding, however, it is difficult for us to envision any repair, as that word is popularly recognized, which would change the size or type of a building and all repair work would therefore be included within the term "maintenance work." Such a result is unacceptable. Sections 1921(a), 1922(2) and 1933 of the Statutory Construction Act of 1972, 1 Pa. C.S. §§ 1921(a), 1922(2) and 1933, require that a statute be construed so as to give meaning to all of its terms, and, if we were to apply Kitson Brothers, the term "repair work" in the Act would be effectively rendered surplusage. Our decision today, however, would avoid such a result. If the word "facility" is interpreted to refer to the component parts of a building, then "maintenance work" would occur when a facility, i.e. a roof was partially overhauled or patched, but when that roof was replaced in such a manner as to effect a change in its size or type, the project would be repair work.
We must now hold that a reroofing project which changes or increases the size, type or extent of the roof is repair work. It is therefore a public work subject to the prevailing minimum wage provisions of the Act and we must overrule our decision in Kitson Brothers.
The order of the Prevailing Wage Appeals Board upholding the decision of the Secretary of Labor and Industry must consequently be reversed.*fn2
[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 649]
And Now, this 10th day of September, 1982, the order of the Prevailing Wage Appeals Board in the above-captioned matter is reversed.
Judge MacPhail dissents.