No. 1020 Pittsburgh, 1981, Appeal from an Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, Greene County, Pennsylvania, No. 10 In Equity, 1981.
Robert C. Gombar, Pittsburgh, for appellant.
Charles J. Morris, District Attorney, Waynesburg, for appellees.
Rowley, Beck and Montemuro, JJ.
[ 303 Pa. Super. Page 157]
This is an appeal from an order sustaining appellees' preliminary objections and dismissing appellant's complaint.
The action arose out of the picketing of appellant's Gateway mine on March 17, 18 and 19, 1981 by appellees, who were not employees of appellant. Appellant's employees honored the picket line, causing the shut down of the Gateway mine. On March 19, 1981, appellant filed a complaint seeking injunctive relief and money damages. On the same date, the court entered a preliminary injunction against further picketing and on March 24, 1981, the court entered an order that the preliminary injunction remain in effect until further order of court.
On May 8, 1981, appellees filed preliminary objections (1) in the nature of a demurrer, alleging there was no cause of action against the individual appellees, but rather the action was against their union; (2) alleging lack of subject matter jurisdiction, on the ground that the case was under the exclusive jurisdiction of the National Labor Relations Board
[ 303 Pa. Super. Page 158]
(N.L.R.B.); (3) alleging a non-statutory remedy;*fn1 and (4) alleging lack of conformity to the Rules of Civil Procedure. Oral argument was held on June 7, 1981.
On September 9, 1981, the court entered an order sustaining "the demurrer" and dismissing the complaint. However, it is clear from the court's opinion that the complaint was really dismissed on the court's conclusion that it lacked subject matter jurisdiction. The court found that the matter constituted a labor dispute and was arguably subject to the Labor Management Relations Act.*fn2 Therefore, the court held that its jurisdiction was preempted by the N.L.R.B. San Diego Building Trades Counsel v. Garmon, 359 U.S. 236, 79 S.Ct. 773, 3 L.Ed.2d 775 (1959). The court based its conclusion on the "fact" that appellees were members of the United Mine Workers Union, that they were employees of the Cumberland mine, owned by United States Steel Corporation, and that they were involved in a labor dispute with their employer. The nature of that dispute was not discussed.
The complaint makes no mention of any of the "facts" relied upon by the court. It merely alleges that certain "individuals" picketed its coal mine, interfered with its employment contracts and caused it monetary damage. The preliminary objections allege that appellees were members of the United Mine Workers. However, the objections were not endorsed with a notice to plead. Therefore, no responsive pleading by appellant was required and the averments are deemed to be denied. Pa.R.C.P. 1026, 1029(d).
The preliminary objection raising lack of subject matter jurisdiction clearly raised issues of fact. In such a case, the court must take evidence by deposition or otherwise. Pa.R.C.P. 1028(c). In this case, no sworn testimony was taken, either in court or by deposition, and no written interrogatories were filed. In fact, the ...