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decided: July 28, 1982.


Appeal from the Order of the Department of Public Welfare in case of Appeal of Mrs. Kenneth Evans, dated August 29, 1980.


Gerald M. Barr, Steckel & Stopp, for petitioner.

Phillip B. Rosenthal, Assistant Counsel, with him Catherine Stewart, Assistant Counsel, for respondent.

President Judge Crumlish, Jr. and Judges Blatt and Doyle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt. Judge Mencer did not participate in the decision in this case.

Author: Blatt

[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 35]

In April 1977, Mrs. Kenneth Evans (petitioner) requested legal representation from Lehigh Valley Legal Services (Legal Services) in claiming a property tax rebate*fn1 for the years 1972 and 1973. She was advised by two attorneys on the staff of Legal Services, and later by its Executive Director, that her claim was untimely*fn2

[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 36]

    as well as without legal merit.*fn3 The Board of Directors affirmed the Executive Director's denial of legal representation and the Department of Public Welfare (DPW), after a hearing, denied her appeal from the Board's action. An appeal to this Court followed but, upon determining that a transcript of the hearing before the DPW was unavailable due to a malfunction of the tape recorder used at the hearing, we remanded the matter to the DPW for another hearing, after which the hearing examiner sustained the petitioner's appeal and ordered Legal Services to afford her legal representation. Shortly thereafter, the Director of the Office of Hearings and Appeals for the DPW reversed the order of the hearing examiner and one month later, following the petitioner's request for reconsideration, affirmed his order of reversal. This appeal followed.

[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 37]

The gravamen of the petitioner's argument is that the DPW erred in interpreting Canon 2 of the Code of Professional Responsibility (Code), which provides that a lawyer should assist the legal profession in fulfilling its duty to make legal counsel available, and Ethical Consideration (E.C.) 2-29 of the Code, which appears thereunder:

When a lawyer is appointed by a court or requested by a bar association to undertake representation of a person unable to obtain counsel, whether for financial or other reasons, he should not seek to be excused from undertaking the representation except for compelling reasons. Compelling reasons do not include such factors as the repugnance of the subject matter of the proceeding, the identity or position of a person involved in the case, the belief of the lawyer that the defendant in a criminal proceeding is guilty, or the belief of the lawyer regarding the merits of the civil case. (Emphasis added.)

It is clear that E.C. 2-29 does not speak to the ethical responsibility of Legal Services to represent those unable to obtain legal counsel otherwise; rather, it addresses the onus upon court-appointed attorneys or upon those requested by bar associations to represent persons who are without other legal-representational resources. The Legal Services' attorneys in the instant matter were neither appointed by a court nor requested by a bar association to undertake representation of the petitioner.

Moreover, Legal Services was not adverse to representing the petitioner but was only adverse to representing her in an untimely and non-meritorious action. Indeed, Legal Services represented the petitioner on all other matters on which she had sought legal assistance from it, including actions involving

[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 38]

    delinquent taxes, a tax assessment reduction and other non-tax related matters. However, after researching the legal questions involved in her property tax rebate claim for 1972 and 1973, it declined to afford her representation in that matter because it determined that she had failed to meet the filing deadline set forth in Section 5 of the Act, 72 P.S. § 4751-5; that, upon rejection of her untimely filed claim, she had failed to follow the appeal procedures set forth in Sections 11.1 through 11.3 of the Act, added by the Act of December 5, 1973, P.L. 384, as amended, 72 P.S. §§ 4751-11.1 -- 4751-11.3; and, that there were no viable legal grounds present upon which to proceed.

Legal Services is contractually bound under its agreement with the Pennsylvania Legal Services Center to assess the measure of legal services to be afforded in each matter presented to it. Section 13 of their agreement provides, inter alia :

Attorneys employed by or associated with the [Legal Services Program] shall, in exercise of their professional judgment, determine the extent of legal services to be provided in each case and shall have the right to refuse or discontinue the handling of a case, subject to the Code of Professional Responsibility and court approval where necessary and subject to service review procedures.

Having, in the exercise of their professional judgment, determined that the claim was untimely and that there was no legal basis upon which the petitioner could prevail, the Legal Services attorneys involved here exercised their contractually recognized right to refuse to handle the case. The Managing Attorney and the Executive Director researched, reveiwed and concurred in their determination and in so doing, were also justified under the applicable regulation. In addition, as the agreement provides, the Code governs the conduct

[ 68 Pa. Commw. Page 39]

    of all attorneys in the Commonwealth, whether they are employed by Legal Services or function in a private capacity, and Canon 7 of the Code requires that a lawyer represent his client zealously within the bounds of the law. E.C. 7-4, appearing thereunder, however, cautions that, in acquitting this duty, "a lawyer is not justified in asserting a position in litigation that is frivolous," and E.C. 7-5 provides, inter alia, that a lawyer "may continue in the representation of his client even though his client has elected to pursue a course of conduct contrary to the advice of the lawyer so long as he does not thereby knowingly assist the client . . . to take a frivolous legal position." Legal Services' attorneys, as attorneys practicing within the Commonwealth, therefore, have a responsibility to refrain from asserting fruitless and frivolous legal positions and, having determined that the petitioner's claim was without legal merit, they were obliged to refuse to advance it.

We, therefore, affirm the order of the DPW.


And, Now, this 28th day of July, 1982, the order of the Department of Public Welfare in the above-captioned matter is affirmed.

Judge Mencer did not participate in the decision in this case.



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