Moreover, one defendant in the Peil action, Drexel Burnham Lambert, Inc. (Drexel), admits that venue as to it is proper in this district. Venue under the 1934 Act is proper "if one act in furtherance of the unlawful scheme is done in the forum district. This does not require that each defendant perform such an act; sufficient is an act of which all the defendants were the intended beneficiaries and a part of the fraudulent scheme." Warren, supra at 1364, quoting Zorn v. Anderson, 263 F. Supp. 745, 748 (S.D.N.Y. 1966) (citations omitted). Thus, for the above reasons, venue is proper in this forum as to both civil actions 82-1287 and 82-1289.
It remains, then, to be considered whether transfer is nonetheless warranted under section 1404(a). Section 1404(a) provides that a change of venue may be granted "for convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice." 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). Courts generally consider six factors in making the determination whether change of venue will serve the interests of justice: the plaintiff's choice of forum, ease of access to sources of proof, costs involved in obtaining attendance of willing witnesses, practical problems that make trial easy, expeditious, and inexpensive, difficulties of court administration and the desirability of state law being determined by a federal court located therein. Kawecki Berylco Industries, Inc. v. Fansteel, Inc., 512 F. Supp. 984, 986 (E.D. Pa. 1981). The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has provided clear guidance as to which factor is to be given the greatest weight. In any determination of a transfer request, the plaintiff's choice of a proper forum is a "paramount consideration" and its choice should not be lightly disturbed. Shutte v. Armco Steel Corporation, 431 F.2d 22, 25 (1970), cert. denied, 401 U.S. 910, 27 L. Ed. 2d 808, 91 S. Ct. 871 (1971); Kawecki, supra at 986. While the decision to transfer is within the court's discretion, transfer is not to be liberally granted. Shutte, supra at 25. The burden is on the moving party to establish that a balancing of proper interests weighs in favor of the transfer and, "unless the balance of convenience of the parties is strongly in favor of defendant, the plaintiff's choice of forum should prevail." Id., quoting Owatonna Manufacturing Co. v. Melroe Co., 301 F. Supp. 1296, 1307 (D. Minn. 1969) (emphasis supplied by Shutte Court).
Defendants contend that, in these cases, the choice of plaintiff Peil should be given little weight because, he is seeking to maintain his action as a class action and is only a "nominal plaintiff." In addition, defendants argue that because the Carty action will likely be consolidated with the Peil action, plaintiff Carty's choice of forum is likewise of little significance. I am unpersuaded by defendants' argument.
There is clearly no basis for upsetting plaintiff Carty's choice of forum. He is an individual plaintiff whose choice of forum is entitled to considerable weight under the law of this circuit. The mere possibility of consolidation of the Carty and Peil actions at some future date does not outweigh the "paramount consideration" of the plaintiff's choice of forum. In addition, I am not persuaded that the distance between New York and Philadelphia is great enough to work a hardship on defendant Health-Chem sufficient to shift the balance of inconvenience to plaintiff. Thus, the defendant in the Carty action has not met its burden of showing that the balance of convenience of the parties is strongly in favor of transfer.
In the Peil action, the crux of defendants' motion to transfer is that, since plaintiff Peil is merely a "nominal plaintiff" in a class action, his choice of forum is not entitled to the same weight usually accorded a plaintiff. I am aware of those cases which have held that, in certain cases, the choice of forum of a plaintiff in a class action or derivative suit should be given little weight. See Koster v. Lumbermens Mutual Co., 330 U.S. 518, 67 S. Ct. 828, 91 L. Ed. 1067 (1947) (derivative action decided on basis of forum non conveniens), Blender v. Sibley, 396 F. Supp. 300, 302 (E.D. Pa. 1975). Nevertheless, I do not believe that the circumstances of this action warrant a devaluation of plaintiff's choice.
Initially, it must be noted that plaintiff Peil's motion to maintain civil action 82-1289 as a class action is still pending and, indeed, since the motion has not to date been responded to by defendants, the pertinent issues as to such treatment have not been fully or properly presented. While defendants appear to treat class action status as a certainty, they have not formally indicated that plaintiff's motion is unopposed by them. In addition, neither the size of the proposed class nor the number of individuals in the class who reside in Pennsylvania has been determined.
Most importantly, I am not convinced that plaintiff Peil's status as a named plaintiff in a class action would justify an impairment of his right to the forum of his choice. He alleges a purchase of 1,300 shares of common stock of Health-Chem as well as convertible debentures totalling $40,932.25, including brokerage commissions and other charges. While the plaintiff has not alleged a specific sum as damages, his investment is significant. There is nothing on the record to indicate that plaintiff Peil is merely a "nominal" or "phantom plaintiff with interest enough to enable him to institute the action and little more." See Koster, supra at 525.
Since defendants have failed to establish that the balance of convenience of the parties is strongly in favor of the transfer in either the Peil or Carty action, I will deny their motions for transfer. An order follows.
Upon consideration of the motions of defendants in civil actions 82-1287 and 82-1289 to transfer both actions pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a), along with supporting and opposing memoranda of law, it is hereby ordered that the motions are denied.
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