Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.



decided: June 4, 1982.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland County in case of Altpa, Inc., Ernest E. Lindh and Virginia Lindh v. North Huntingdon Township Zoning Hearing Board, No. 8547 of 1979.


William G. Sherr, Stark and Sherr, for appellants.

Victor R. Delle Donne, Baskin and Sears, with him Thomas P. Cole, II, for appellee.

Judges Rogers, Blatt and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig.

Author: Craig

[ 67 Pa. Commw. Page 61]

This is a zoning appeal from the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland County, in which the court and the Zoning Hearing Board of North Huntingdon Township have both upheld the township zoning officer's revocation of an occupancy certificate issued to Altpa.

The building leased by Altpa from the Lindhs is located in the R-2 residential zone under the township's zoning ordinance. Before Altpa leased the building, it was used as a bar, a nonconforming use.

Altpa's occupancy certificate application stated that Altpa would use the building for "retail sales," specifically discount and distressed merchandise; retail sales is not a use permitted by right in the R-2 zone. The zoning officer issued an occupancy certificate permitting Altpa to use the building for "retail sales." Altpa then began to use the building as an adult bookstore and to install motion picture booths for displaying films.

By letter sent 18 days after the certificate issuance, the zoning officer revoked that occupancy certificate on the ground that Altpa had misrepresented the type of business it would conduct and because he determined that he should not have issued a certificate for any business other than a bar -- that is, no change to a different nonconforming use was allowable.

The latter point is decisive in prompting us to affirm the decision here. Because the record reveals no legal or factual basis for allowing a change from the pre-existing legal nonconforming use as a restaurant (bar) to retail sales (bookstore),*fn1 the revocation of

[ 67 Pa. Commw. Page 62]

    the occupancy certificate was proper and properly upheld.

There is no constitutionally protected right to change from one nonconforming use to another. Allowance of a change of nonconforming use is based upon the ordinance and is limited according to the ordinance's terms. William Chersky Joint Enterprises v. Board of Adjustment, 426 Pa. 33, 231 A.2d 757 (1967). Because Altpa is unable to point to any provision in this ordinance allowing one nonconforming use to be changed to another, the occupancy certificate here was invalidity issued and hence properly revoked.

Altpa, in addition to raising some meritless procedural contentions,*fn2 also has made claim, from the outset of its appeal to the board, for restoration of the permit by way of special exception or variance.

Altpa has the burden of bringing the use within an ordinance provision authorizing a special exception, Sites v. West Goshen Zoning Hearing Board, 5 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 78, 287 A.2d 909 (1972), but Altpa has cited no ordinance provision as a basis for allowing a special exception use.

Altpa also had the burden of proving entitlement to a variance under Section 912 of the Pennsylvania

[ 67 Pa. Commw. Page 63]

Municipalities Planning Code,*fn3 Campbell v. Zoning Hearing Board of Plymouth Township, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 251, 310 A.2d 444 (1973), but Altpa has not offered any evidence of unique circumstances or hardship.

Although Altpa also attacked the validity of the ordinance in the original notice of appeal filed with the board, the record contains no citation to ordinance provisions or any other evidence to indicate that bookstores, whether or not characterized as "adult," or whether or not regarded as retail sales, are excluded from the township. Altpa thus did not present any case establishing that the ordinance is invalid as exclusionary zoning. Beaver Gasoline Co. v. Osborne Borough, 445 Pa. 571, 285 A.2d 501 (1971).

Accordingly, we affirm the order of the court of common pleas.


Now, June 4, 1982, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland County, dated April 6, 1981, is hereby affirmed.



Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.