decided: April 1, 1982.
STEWARD S. GROFF, APPELLANT
TOWNSHIP OF ULSTER, A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, APPELLEE
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County in case of Township of Ulster, a Municipal Corporation v. Steward S. Groff, No. 6 October Term, 1977.
John Kocsis, Dowd and Kocsis, for appellant.
Robert J. Murphy, Davis, Murphy and Niemiec, for appellee.
Judges Mencer, Rogers and Williams, Jr., sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Mencer.
[ 65 Pa. Commw. Page 585]
The Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County entered an order, designated a decree nisi, on March 10, 1980, in which, inter alia, it directed the Township of Ulster to give notice to Steward S. Groff (Groff) to remove a certain building, of which he was the owner and which the Court had found to be in a dangerous condition and a nuisance at law, within 30 days from the date of receipt of the notice. The order further provided that, in default of Groff's removing said building within the 30-day period, the Township of Ulster should have the right to remove and tear down said building.
Groff filed timely exceptions to the March 10, 1980 order. These exceptions were dismissed by the lower court on May 29, 1980, and it confirmed its March 10, 1980 order in all respects. This action by the lower court constituted a decree absolute or final adjudication and was appealable within 30 days thereafter. No appeal was taken and, on June 28, 1980, the action had been finally disposed of and concluded.*fn1
On May 21, 1980, a petition for rehearing and reconsideration of the March 10, 1980 order was filed by Groff. The lower court dismissed this petition by order dated June 17, 1980.*fn2 On July 8, 1980, $Fast Bucks$, Inc., petitioned to intervene as a party defendant
[ 65 Pa. Commw. Page 586]
in the equity action concluded on June 28, 1980. This petition to intervene was dismissed by the lower court on July 22, 1980.
Groff and $Fast Bucks$, Inc., filed an appeal to this Court from the orders entered on June 17, 1980 (dismissing Groff's petition for rehearing and reconsideration of March 10, 1980 order) and July 22, 1980 (dismissing the petition to intervene filed by $Fast Bucks$, Inc.).
On August 18, 1980, the Township of Ulster filed a motion to quash the appeal on the ground that the appeal was untimely. Although we do not accept the untimeliness ground, we do deem the motion to quash to be legally supportable on this record as to Groff's appeal.
Groff has appealed from the June 17, 1980 order denying his petition for rehearing and reconsideration. Pennsylvania case law is absolutely clear that the refusal of a trial court to reconsider, rehear, or permit reargument of a final decree is not reviewable on appeal. Merrick Estate, 432 Pa. 450, 247 A.2d 786 (1968); Baily Petition, 365 Pa. 613, 76 A.2d 645 (1950); Provident National Bank v. Rooklin, 250 Pa. Superior Ct. 194, 378 A.2d 893 (1977). Accordingly, Groff's appeal must be quashed.
$Fast Bucks$, Inc., has appealed from the July 22, 1980 order dismissing its petition to intervene. Pa. R.C.P. No. 2327 provides for intervention "during the pendency of the litigation." In Robinson Township School District v. Houghton, 387 Pa. 236, 128 A.2d 58 (1956), the Supreme Court held that the pendency of an action ends with final judgment by the court below. This decision was followed in both Howell v. Franke, 393 Pa. 440, 143 A.2d 10 (1958), and Admiral Homes, Inc. v. Floto Management Corp., 397 Pa. 509, 156 A.2d 326 (1959).
[ 65 Pa. Commw. Page 587]
Here, there was no action pending in the lower court at the time $Fast Buck$, Inc., sought intervention. Pendency is the state of an action after it has been begun and before the final disposition of it. The action in the instant case had been finally disposed of and concluded on June 28, 1980, following the end of the appeal period applicable to the lower court's decree absolute of May 29, 1980. The petition to intervene was not filed until July 8, 1980, at which time there was no proceeding pending in which $Fast Buck$, Inc., could intervene.
After final adjudication, a petition to intervene is too late. The undeniable fact is that litigation initiated by the Township of Ulster by a complaint in equity seeking repairs of, or the razing of, a dilapidated building was conclusively determined by the court below by an unappealed decree absolute before the petition for intervention was filed. Intervention was, therefore, no longer allowable. Robinson Township School District.
Appeal of Steward S. Groff quashed.
Order of July 22, 1980 affirmed.
And Now, this 1st day of April, 1982, the Township of Ulster's motion to quash the appeal of Steward S. Groff from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Bradford County, dated June 17, 1980, dismissing his petition for rehearing and reconsideration, is granted, and said appeal is quashed. The appeal of $Fast Buck$, Inc., from an order dated July 22, 1980, dismissing its petition to intervene, is dismissed, and the order of July 22, 1980 is affirmed.
Appeal of Defendant quashed. Order dismissing intervention petition affirmed.