The opinion of the court was delivered by: MCGLYNN
On July 22, 1978, a Chevrolet pick-up truck was struck by a train at a grade crossing in Elk County, Pennsylvania, and three of the truck passengers were killed. Several law suits were brought against Thomas Schwabenbauer, Jr., the owner and operator of the truck at the time of the accident. Subsequently, Schwabenbauer made a demand upon Selected Risks Insurance Co. ("Selected Risks") to defend those suits and for indemnity against any resulting loss. The policies at issue were issued to Mr. Schwabenbauer's father.
The present action was commenced by Selected Risks seeking a declaratory judgment that it is not obligated to defend or indemnify Schwabenbauer in any suits arising out of the accident. Jurisdiction is based on diversity of citizenship.
28 U.S.C. § 1332.
Before the court are cross motions for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons which follow, summary judgment will be granted in favor of the defendant.
In the early part of June 1978, Schwabenbauer, Jr., seeking to obtain insurance coverage for his truck, contacted Deitman & Bauer Insurance Agency ("Deitman & Bauer"), an authorized agent of Selected Risks. A policy was issued effective June 14, 1978 and provided liability coverage up to $ 50,000 per person and $ 100,000 per accident.
Selected Risks claims that it is not obligated to the defendant under either of the father's policies because the terms and conditions of those policies clearly state that coverage is afforded only to the named insured, i.e., the father, or another driver driving a vehicle owned by the insured which is listed on the policy.
As the vehicle involved in the accident was owned by the defendant and not the person insured, Selected Risks maintains there is no coverage for the accident.
The defendant does not contest the fact that he was the sole owner of the vehicle at the time of the accident but asserts that Selected Risks should be estopped from denying coverage.
Cross motions for summary judgment, such as the ones presently before me, are no more than a claim by each side that it alone is entitled to summary judgment. However, the mere fact that such inherently contradictory claims have been made does not constitute an agreement that if one is rejected the other is necessarily justified. Newark Morning Ledger Co. v. United States, 539 F.2d 929 (3d Cir. 1976); Rains v. Cascade Industries, Inc., 402 F.2d 241 (3d Cir. 1968). The standards to be applied in deciding cross motions for summary judgment are the same as those applied when only one party has filed a summary judgment motion. Daburlos v. Commercial Insurance Co., 367 F. Supp. 1017 (E.D.Pa.1973). Thus, the granting of summary judgment in the present case is warranted only if the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law upon facts that are not generally disputed. Manetas v. International Petroleum Carriers, Inc., 541 F.2d 408 (3d Cir. 1976).
The parties have stipulated to the facts. The question presented by the motions is whether Selected Risks can avoid coverage of the defendant under the literal language of the policies.
Selected Risks cannot avoid the policy if it had knowledge that the vehicle it was adding to the father's coverage was owned by the son. In Headley's Express and Storage Company v. Pennsylvania Indemnity Corporation, 319 Pa. 240, 178 A. 816 (1935), the court held that where the insurance carrier had knowledge of facts sufficient to put it on inquiry and where carrier's agent was expressly informed of the true facts as to ownership, the carrier cannot disclaim on the basis of a provision inconsistent with those facts. So it seems to me that the issue here is what notice the company or agent had.