David W. Rahauser, Assistant District Attorney, Chambersburg, for Commonwealth, appellant.
Deborah K. Hoff, Assistant Public Defender, Chambersburg, for appellee.
Wickersham, Rowley and Watkins, JJ.
[ 302 Pa. Super. Page 516]
This is a criminal case in which the Commonwealth appeals from a lower court order dismissing the charges against appellee Reihart pursuant to Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. A criminal complaint charging Reihart with homicide by vehicle and involuntary manslaughter was issued on August 20, 1980. A preliminary hearing was scheduled for September 12, 1980, however, a Commonwealth witness, Mark Long, was seriously ill; the hearing was continued until January 27, 1981, at which time a prima facie case was established without the testimony of Mr. Long, who was still ill. Reihart entered a plea of not guilty to the charges on February 4, 1981. On February 6, 1981, the Commonwealth filed a petition for trial on a date certain, specifically February 16, 1981, as that was the 180th day from the filing of the complaint. On February 10, 1981, the lower court denied
[ 302 Pa. Super. Page 517]
the petition. The Commonwealth then filed a petition for the extension of time for commencement of trial on February 11, 1981; this petition was dismissed on February 13, 1981. On March 6, 1981 Reihart filed an omnibus pretrial motion which included a motion to dismiss in accordance with Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. The charges against Reihart were dismissed by the lower court on March 6, 1981 pursuant to Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. The Commonwealth then filed the present appeal.
The Commonwealth frames the issue involved as follows:
Did the honorable court err in dismissing the charges against the defendant for failing to arraign the appellant 150 days from the filing of the original charges?
Brief for Appellant at 4.
Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100 serves two equally important functions: (1) the protection of the accused's speedy trial rights, and (2) the protection of society. So long as there has been no misconduct on part of the Commonwealth in an effort to evade an accused's speedy trial rights, Rule 1100 must be construed in a manner consistent with society's right to punish and deter crime. Commonwealth v. Genovese, 493 Pa. 65, 425 A.2d 367 (1981). As long as the Commonwealth acts reasonably in its attempts to secure an absent witness, it shall be deemed to have acted with due diligence with respect to Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. Commonwealth v. Long, 288 Pa. Super. 414, 432 A.2d 228 (1981).
Instantly, there is no allegation by Reihart that the Commonwealth engaged in any misconduct in an effort to evade the mandates of Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. The Commonwealth stated in its petition for extension of time for the commencement of trial that Mark Long, a witness considered crucial to the prosecution of this matter, was seriously ill with an as yet undiagnosed illness and that he consequently was unable to testify. The Commonwealth was acting reasonably, and with due diligence, in ...