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filed: March 19, 1982.


No. 38 Philadelphia, 1981, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Orphans' Court Division, of Delaware County, Pennsylvania at No. 295 of 1976.


Mark D. Caswell, Philadelphia, for appellant.

Robert B. Ely, III, Radnor, for participating party.

Spaeth, Popovich and Montgomery, JJ. Spaeth and Montgomery, JJ., concurred in the result.

Author: Popovich

[ 297 Pa. Super. Page 162]

This is an appeal from the Order of the Orphans' Court of Delaware County denying appellant's, Rose Greco's, "Petition for Reconsideration". Appellant argues that she is entitled to the relief requested on the basis of after-discovered evidence. We disagree and, accordingly, affirm the Order of the lower court.

Before reaching the merits of the appellant's claim, we need to address appellees' contention*fn1 that, "[e]xcept as to the question of costs and counsel fees allowable to the Appellees for contesting this unwarranted appeal, this Court

[ 297 Pa. Super. Page 163]

    has no jurisdiction in this matter." (Emphasis in original) (Appellees' Brief at 1) According to appellees, what makes this clear is the consideration of: 1) appellant's unsuccessful appeal to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania (see In re Estate of Pitone, 489 Pa. 60, 413 A.2d 1012 (1980)); and 2) the Supreme Court's denial of appellant's petition for reargument. The aforegoing points, appellees' urge, are to be viewed in the context of 42 Pa.C.S.A. §§ 706 and 742, both of which took effect after the case was appealed. Moreover, appellees assert that the savings clause appearing immediately after Section 706, having perpetuated the jurisdiction of any court over any order pending before it as of the effective date of the statute [June 27, 1978], had the effect of preserving the Supreme Court's jurisdiction over the instant litigation, which was commenced on March 20, 1978, until " a final determination in such court, which court shall have continuing jurisdiction over such matter, including jurisdiction on remand following any appellate review of any order entered in such matter, whether such appellate review was had before or after the effective date of this act. "*fn2

Appellees would have us interpret the italicized verbiage to encompass the present appeal, so as to foreclose this

[ 297 Pa. Super. Page 164]

Court from reviewing appellant's claim. We find such argument to be disingenuous.

Initially, we note that Section 742 of the Judicial Code vests the Superior Court with exclusive appellate jurisdiction of all appeals from final orders of the courts of common pleas.*fn3 This jurisdictional provision is substantially a reenactment of the jurisdictional provision provided in the Appellate Court Jurisdiction Act of 1970 ; Act of July 31, 1970 (No. 223), § 302, 17 P.S. § 211.302.*fn4 Next, as appellees correctly state, prior to the amendments to the Judicial Code, the Supreme Court had exclusive jurisdiction of appeals in Orphans' Court matters generally, under Section 202(3) of the Appellate Court Jurisdiction Act, Act of July 31, 1970, P.L. 673, No. 223, Art. II, 17 P.S. § 211.202(3) (Supp.1978), since superseded by Section 722 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S.A. § 722 (eff. June 27, 1978). However, we find that neither the exception in Section 742 (which precludes the Superior Court from deciding cases "as are by any provision of . . . [C]hapter [7] within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Supreme Court . . . .") nor the savings clause in Section 706 is sufficient to create continuing jurisdiction in the Supreme Court over a dispute that, albeit initially filed with it, has been ruled upon and the complaining party's petition for reargument denied.

Under the savings clause of Section 706, subsection (a), any matter pending in a court as of June 27, 1978, is to

[ 297 Pa. Super. Page 165]

    proceed to final determination in such court, and such continuing jurisdiction embraces a remand to the lower court.

Procedurally, appellant appealed to the Supreme Court on March 20, 1978. After the entry of a "Judgment" by the Supreme Court on March 20, 1980, affirming in part and reversing in part the lower court's decrees, the appellant filed an application for reargument (see Pa.R.App.P. 2541 et seq.), which was denied on May 28, 1980. It is important to note that appellant took no further action in regard to the denial of her petition for reargument, i.e., the filing of a stay pending review in the Supreme Court of the United States. Pa.R.App.P. 2572(c). Thereafter, the record was remanded and appellant filed a petition to reopen her case. Pursuant thereto, a hearing was held, the relief sought was denied and an appeal to this Court was perfected. Appellees now urge us to quash or to dismiss the appeal on the basis that we lack jurisdiction. Further, appellees aver that the Supreme Court is the appropriate tribunal before whom this matter should be litigated, for by virtue of appellant having filed her initial appeal with our high Court, the savings clause appearing in Section 706 renders the present action as one still pending before it. We disagree.

Pendency, in practice, has been said to be "'the state of an undetermined proceeding'." School District of Robinson Township v. Houghton, 387 Pa. 236, 241, 128 A.2d 58, 60 (1956). Black's Law Dictionary, 5th Ed., p. 1021, defines the term as "an action or suit . . . from its inception until the rendition of final judgment." Instantly, we see that after the Supreme Court denied appellant's petition for reargument, it remanded the record to the lower court and accompanied such remand with the entry of a "Judgment". Given such facts, it is to be noted that the Supreme Court abstained from returning the record "merely for amplification or more specific findings of fact upon questions submitted by the [appellant]." Groner v. Board of Public Education of City (School Dist.) of Pittsburgh, 152 Pa. Super. 381, 384, 33 A.2d 271, 273 (1943). Thus, we find that the "Judgment" of the appellate Court became final when appellant's petition

[ 297 Pa. Super. Page 166]

    for reargument was denied (Pa.R.App.P. 2572), which, in effect, rendered the case no longer pending for purposes of the savings clause appearing at Section 706. Consequently, when appellant appealed the lower court's November 14, 1980 Order denying her petition for reconsideration, which appeal is separate and distinct from the preceding appellate action, Section 742 was triggered and vested jurisdiction in this Court to hear the matter.

As for appellant's claim that the lower court erred in denying her petition to reopen the case on the basis of after-discovered evidence (which consisted of the original bank card bearing the decedent's signature that opened a joint account with the appellant), we conclude that the lower court was correct, in responding to said claim, by entering the following order:

"AND NOW, to wit, this 14th day of November, A.D., 1980, upon consideration of the instant petition requesting reconsideration of the case on grounds of after-discovered evidence, and the briefs filed in support of the hearing on the issue of October 28, 1980, it is hereby ORDERED and DECREED that the aforesaid evidence was presented to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania on appeal, No. 129 of 1978, and that said evidence was properly considered by the Court at that time, and is therefore res judicata. For the foregoing reason, Petition for Reconsideration is DISMISSED.


/s/ Francis J. Catania

P. J."

Based on the aforesaid, we find appellant's averment to be without merit and not warranting the relief requested. Therefore, we affirm the Order of the lower court.*fn5

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