maintaining a Pennsylvania license to practice is sufficient, nor the unused Pennsylvania professional corporation charter, nor the ownership of a piece of residential real estate in Philadelphia.
The Third-Party Plaintiffs have shown, however, that the Third-Party Defendant, Dr. Samuelson, does an extensive business in testifying as an expert witness in Pennsylvania courts, or supplying depositions or expert witness reports in connection with Pennsylvania litigation. In two cases in 1979, Dr. Samuelson testified in Allegheny County for a fee of $ 5,000 in each case. In 1980 and 1981, Dr. Samuelson provided deposition testimony for use at trial in 6 cases in Pennsylvania, 5 in Pittsburgh and one in Beaver County, for total fees of $ 1,550. From 1976 to 1981, Dr. Samuelson provided expert medical reports to 26 attorneys in Pennsylvania, the great majority in Pittsburgh, for fees totalling $ 3,075.
The court takes note that expert medical reports are required to be filed in all cases where a physician may be called to testify in courts in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as well as in the United States District Court in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and that a large number of the physicians who give such reports and so testify have been engaged by counsel specifically for the purpose of examining and evaluating an injured plaintiff and rendering a report with the possibility of ultimately testifying personally or by deposition at the trial of the action, if it should come to trial. Of course, it is well established by statistical studies that a very small number of cases filed ever come to actual trial, and in such cases it is more and more common for a physician to testify by deposition, as did Dr. Samuelson in six cases in 1980 and 1981.
From the circumstances, and particularly the fees charged for his reports to attorneys, it is a fair inference that the reports furnished were cases where Dr. Samuelson was not reporting about patients who had originally come to him for treatment, but rather cases where he accepted an assignment from a Pennsylvania lawyer to examine a Pennsylvania litigant for the purpose of supplying a report for use in litigation in Pennsylvania. Supportive of this conclusion is the fact that Pittsburgh is located some 40 miles from Steubenville or East Liverpool, somewhat beyond the normal radius from which patients might come seeking orthopedic treatment in Steubenville. Also, Allegheny County is not the nearest Pennsylvania county to Steubenville, Ohio; both Washington County and Beaver County intervene and are closer, but of Dr. Samuelson's 26 reports only 3 were furnished to Beaver County attorneys and 3 to Washington County attorneys.
We find, therefore, that Dr. Samuelson has engaged in a continuous course of conduct for pecuniary benefit in Pennsylvania in many matters outside this lawsuit. In this lawsuit it is alleged that he was guilty of acts of negligence in the treatment of a resident of Pennsylvania, the effects of which were manifested in Pennsylvania. He receives substantial income from the treatment of Pennsylvania residents from Pennsylvania medical insurance carriers. These acts are so continuous and substantial as to make it reasonable for the state to exercise such jurisdiction. Bork v. Mills, 458 Pa. 228, 329 A.2d 247 (1974). We see no fundamental unfairness under International Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310, 66 S. Ct. 154, 90 L. Ed. 95 (1945) which should deny a Pennsylvania court to exercise jurisdiction. The contacts are not scant, they are multiple and continuous.
We further hold that we are not barred by the prior action of the Administrator of the Arbitration Panels for Health Care, while this cause of action was under his jurisdiction. He dismissed the claims against Drs. Samuelson and Chaplynski as being outside his jurisdiction. The claims in that action had not been fully decided when the Act was held unconstitutional and the Act itself provided for a trial de novo in the Courts of Common Pleas after arbitration. Thereafter a new complaint was filed in this District Court. We may determine our own jurisdiction without regard to an interlocutory determination by the Arbitrator.
In the meantime nobody has come forward to respond to, or rebut, the affidavit and allegations of the other Third-Party Defendant, Marta J. Chaplynski who also moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction. While she is the long time medical associate and wife of Dr. Samuelson, neither of these facts support personal jurisdiction over her. Her allegations that she performed no services in Pennsylvania are not rebutted by the evidence which we deem sufficient to hold Dr. Samuelson. The action against her will be dismissed.
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