decided: December 3, 1981.
COUNTY OF MIFFLIN, APPELLANT
MIFFLIN COUNTY AIRPORT AUTHORITY ET AL., APPELLEES
Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Mifflin County in the case of County of Mifflin v. Mifflin County Airport Authority and Donald A. Walters, Jr., Ronald N. Myers, Dr. Robert L. Kaufman and Marvin R. Clemens, No. 409 of 1980 in Mandamus.
Timothy S. Searer, with him Francis A. Searer, Searer & Torquato, for appellant.
Jeffrey L. Snook, Brugler & Levin, with him Edward E. Knauss IV, Metzger, Wickersham, Knauss & Erb, for appellees.
Judges Mencer, Rogers and Williams, Jr., sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Williams, Jr.
[ 63 Pa. Commw. Page 57]
The County of Mifflin (County) has appealed from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Mifflin County denying the County's action for a writ of mandamus against the Mifflin County Airport Authority (Authority).
By its mandamus action the County sought to compel the Authority to transfer to the County all the property of the Mifflin County Airport.*fn1 After a trial, the lower court concluded that the County did not have a clear legal right to such a property transfer; accordingly, the court denied the relief sought.
In March 1964 the County incorporated the Authority, pursuant to the Municipality Authorities Act of 1945.*fn2 According to its stated corporate purpose, the Authority was to acquire, hold, construct, improve, maintain and operate "projects in the nature of airports." After the incorporation of the Authority, the Mifflin County Airport was constructed with funds from local, state, and federal sources; as well as with funds from various bond issues and notes. From its inception, the County Airport has been maintained and operated by the Authority. Among the debts incurred
[ 63 Pa. Commw. Page 58]
by the Authority itself were two bond issues: "Airport Revenue Bonds, Series of 1965," in a principal amount of $250,000; and a supplemental bond issue entitled "Airport Revenue Bonds, Series of 1971," in a principal amount of $150,000. These two Authority bond issues remained outstanding at all times material to the instant case.
On February 14, 1980, the County adopted an ordinance which directed the Authority to transfer and convey, to the County, all the property of the County Airport; and to do so within twenty days.*fn3 The Authority refused to comply. Consequently, on March 6, 1980, the County filed its action for a writ of mandamus to compel the Authority to comply with the ordinance. There was no contention by the County of any failure or neglect by the Authority in the operation of the Airport. The County simply desired to gain direct control of the facility.
In resisting the ordinance and the County's mandamus action, the Authority challenged the legality of transferring the Airport's assets under the circumstances of this case. Specifically, the Authority asserted that such a transfer would violate, inter alia, the provisions of the Municipality Authorities Act of 1945, the Local Government Unit Debt Act,*fn4 and the
[ 63 Pa. Commw. Page 59]
trust indentures underlying the Authority's outstanding bond issues.
The County placed its reliance on Section 18(A) of the Municipality Authorities Act of 1945 (Act),*fn5 which provides as follows:
If a project shall have been established under this act by a board appointed by a municipality or municipalities, which project is of a character which the municipality or municipalities have power to establish, maintain or operate, and such municipality or municipalities desire to acquire the same, it or they may by appropriate resolution or ordinance adopted by the proper Authorities, signify its or their desire to do so, and thereupon the Authorities shall convey by appropriate instrument said project to such municipality or municipalities, upon the assumption by the latter of all the obligations incurred by the Authorities with respect to that project. (Emphasis added.)
Clearly, Section 18 of the Act empowers a municipality to require an Authority to convey a project to the municipality; under the above Section a municipality may, by ordinance, impose upon an Authority the duty of executing the necessary documents for such a transfer of property.
Yet, under Section 14 of the Act,*fn6 there is a limitation on the power of an Authority to convey a project to a municipality. Section 14 provides in pertinent part as follows:
When any Authority shall have finally paid and discharged all bonds which, together with the interest due thereon, shall have been secured
[ 63 Pa. Commw. Page 60]
by a pledge of any of the revenues or receipts of a project, it may (subject to any agreements concerning the operation or disposition of such project) convey such project to the municipality or municipalities creating the Authority. . . . (Emphasis added.)
Section 14 has bearing on the instant case; because the Authority here involved has two issues of outstanding revenue bonds. Furthermore, the trust indentures underlying those bond issues have provisions concerning the operation and disposition of the Airport.
The trust indentures state that the County's right to acquire the assets of the Authority is limited to the Authority's failure, neglect or cessation of operation of the Airport.*fn7 Also, the trust indenture of the 1965 bond issue expressly provides that "[t]he Authority will not sell, exchange, lease, pledge or otherwise dispose of or encumber the Airport, or any part thereof. . . ."*fn8 (Emphasis added.) In short, Section 14 of the Act, as applied to this case, makes doubtful at best the legal power of the Authority to transfer the Airport to the County.
Mandamus is a high prerogative writ representing an extraordinary remedy which will not be granted in doubtful cases. It will issue only where there is a clear and specific legal right in plaintiff and a corresponding duty in defendant. Francis v. Corleto, 418 Pa. 417, 211 A.2d 503 (1965); Cooper v. City of Greensburg, 26 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 245, 363 A.2d
[ 63 Pa. Commw. Page 61813]
(1976). We agree with the lower court's conclusion, that Section 14 of the Act and the trust indentures for the outstanding bonds make doubtful the County's right to the transfer of the Airport property in the circumstances of this case. We also agree with the lower court's conclusion that the Local Government Unit Debt Act does not give the County a clear right, if any at all, to assume the debt obligations of the Authority simply by enacting an ordinance, as the County sought to do in this case.*fn9
We affirm the order of the court below denying the action for a writ of mandamus; and, we do so on the thorough and able opinion of Judge Ziegler, who heard the case in the lower court.
And Now, the 3rd day of December, 1981, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Mifflin County, dated the 10th day of October 1980, at Civil Action No. 409 of 1980, is hereby affirmed.