Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the case of In Re: Claim of Toi Lynn Garcia, No. B-183701.
Ronald J. Zera, for petitioner.
Charles G. Hasson, Associate Counsel, with him Richard L. Cole, Jr., Chief Counsel, for respondent.
Judges Rogers, Blatt and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig.
[ 62 Pa. Commw. Page 564]
In this unemployment compensation appeal, the employer*fn1 questions an award of compensation by the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review affirming a referee's decision that the claimant*fn2 was not
[ 62 Pa. Commw. Page 565]
disqualified from receiving benefits because of willful misconduct.*fn3
Employed as a bookkeeper, the claimant was discharged on January 25, 1980 for being absent without permission. The claimant earlier had been granted a vacation day for January 23. However, she was subsequently suspended from January 17 through the 23rd for repeated failure to log in and out on her time card.
Although the suspension memorandum stated that she was to return to work on January 24, the claimant remained absent on that date because she believed that her requested leave for January 23 would automatically be changed to January 24, by analogy to the employer's practice of extending an employee's vacation when a previously chosen vacation day turned out to be a holiday.
Exercising its discretion as factfinder, the board accepted the testimony of the claimant as credible, Season All Industries, Inc. v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 41 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 269, 398 A.2d 1092 (1979); it adopted the referee's finding that the claimant did not return to work or give notice of being absent on January 24 because of her belief that the employer would automatically change her vacation date.
Thus we must agree that, as a matter of law, the claimant's behavior lacked the element of conscious wrongdoing necessary for a finding of willful misconduct. Frumento v. Unemployment Compensation ...