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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. JAMES RAY JACKSON (07/08/81)

decided: July 8, 1981.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
v.
JAMES RAY JACKSON, APPELLANT



No. 80-3-354, Appeal from Order Dated December 10, 1979, Court of Common Pleas, First Judicial District, Criminal Trial Division, April Term, 1978, No. 752-754 Denying Post Conviction Relief

COUNSEL

Joseph I. Fineman, Philadelphia, for appellant.

Robert B. Lawler, Sarah Vandenbraak, Philadelphia, for appellee.

O'Brien, C. J., and Roberts, Nix, Larsen, Flaherty, Kauffman and Wilkinson, JJ. Roberts, J., filed a concurring opinion.

Author: Larsen

[ 494 Pa. Page 458]

OPINION

In 1968, appellant confessed to involvement in the robbery and murder of one Randolph Butts who was robbed of his wallet and stabbed several times in the back. After a jury trial, appellant was convicted of aggravated robbery and murder of the first degree and sentenced to life imprisonment. An appeal was taken to this Court by trial counsel

[ 494 Pa. Page 459]

    and we affirmed. Commonwealth v. Jackson, 444 Pa. 601, 281 A.2d 639 (1971). In 1978, appellant filed a counseled Post Conviction Hearing Act (PCHA) petition; relief was denied after a hearing. This appeal followed.

Appellant advances two grounds for PCHA relief: (1) that his conviction resulted from the introduction of an involuntary confession; and (2) that trial counsel ineffectively failed to object to the admission of certain circumstantial evidence.*fn1 It is unnecessary to reach the merits of either of these claims.

PCHA relief must be denied because appellant has not sustained his burden of proving that his claims have not been finally litigated. 19 P.S. § 1180-3(d) provides that "To be eligible for [PCHA] relief . . . a person . . . must prove. . . [t]hat the error resulting in his conviction and sentence has not been finally litigated . . ." [emphasis supplied]. Commonwealth v. Logan, 468 Pa. 424, 433, 364 A.2d 266, 271 (1976) ("The burden of establishing the ground upon which post-conviction relief is requested rests on the person seeking that relief.") Appellant's PCHA Petition, briefs and testimony are utterly silent regarding his 1971 direct appeal.*fn2 This Court's 1971 per curiam opinion does not recite which issues were considered nor are the appellate briefs in

[ 494 Pa. Page 460]

    that proceeding part of the record. Appellant's failure to bring the substance of all prior adjudications to our attention is fatal to his burden of proving that his claim has not been finally litigated. See 19 P.S. § 1180-5(a)(1) ("The [PCHA] petition . . . must include . . . an identification of all previous proceedings . . ."); Pa.R.Crim.P. 1501, para. 7(A) (PCHA petition must identify ...


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