No. 80-3-820, Appeal from the Order of the Superior Court at No. 336 October Term, 1979, dated February 22, 1980, affirming the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, at No. 3650 October Term, 1978, Civil Action -- Law, dated February 6, 1979.
Allen L. Feingold, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Donald B. Scace, Jr., Philadelphia, for appellee.
James J. McCabe, Philadelphia, for amicus curiae.
Roberts, Nix, Larsen, Flaherty, Kauffman and Wilkinson, JJ. Nix, J., joins in this opinion and files a concurring opinion. Larsen, J., files a dissenting opinion. Kauffman, J., concurs in the result.
Here, as in D'Ambrosio v. Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance Company, 494 Pa. 501, 431 A.2d 966 (1981), an insured seeks to recover punitive damages for an insurer's alleged "bad faith" conduct in refusing to fulfill its
obligations under the parties' contract of insurance. The Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia sustained the insurer's preliminary objections in the nature of a demurrer and dismissed those counts of the insured's complaint seeking punitive damages. The insured failed to seek leave to amend, and a panel of the Superior Court unanimously affirmed. 275 Pa. Super. 246, 418 A.2d 705. This Court granted allowance of appeal, and set this matter for argument with D'Ambrosio, supra.
A review of those counts of the insured's complaint seeking punitive damages discloses that, contrary to the requirement of Pa.R.Civ.Proc. 1019, the insured has failed to set forth material facts in support of the claim that the insurer engaged in bad faith conduct. Hence the dismissal of the counts seeking punitive damages is proper on this ground alone. See 2 Goodrich-Amram 2d § 1019(a): 12 at 138 (1976).
In any event, this Court has concluded in D'Ambrosio that there is no basis for the judicial creation of a cause of action for bad faith conduct. As stated in D'Ambrosio,
"[t]here is no evidence to suggest, and we have no reason to believe, that the system of sanctions established under the Unfair Insurance Practices Act [(Act of July 22, 1974, P.L. 589, § 1 et seq., 40 P.S. § 1171.1 et seq. (Supp. 1980)], must be supplemented by a judicially ...