No. 734 April Term, 1979, Appeal from Revocation of Probation and Judgment of Sentence entered July 11, 1979, and Denial of Motion to Modify Sentence entered August 1, 1979, by the Court of Common Pleas of Beaver County, Pennsylvania, Criminal Division, at No. 478 of 1976.
Richard L. Smith, Aliquippa, for appellant.
John L. Brown, Jr., Assistant District Attorney, Beaver, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Price, DiSalle and Montemuro, JJ.
[ 286 Pa. Super. Page 402]
On January 5, 1977, appellant, Michael Plutko, was sentenced to 2 1/2 to 5 years imprisonment. This sentence was suspended and appellant was placed on probation for 5 years. On July 11, 1979, the lower court revoked appellant's probation based upon its findings that appellant had violated the conditions of his probation.*fn1 The revocation hearing judge ordered appellant to serve, in toto, the original sentence of 2 1/2 to 5 years imprisonment. A subsequent Motion to Modify Sentence was denied. This appeal followed.
Appellant raises two issues. First, that the lower court erred in failing to comply with 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 1371(b), which directs that the court give "due consideration . . . to the time spent serving the order of probation." (At the time of appellant's first probation violation he had served 26 months of his five-year probation.) Second, that the court erred in imposing a sentence of total confinement without complying with 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 1371(c), which reads:
The court shall not impose a sentence of total confinement upon revocation unless it finds that:
(2) the conduct of the defendant indicates that it is likely that he will commit another crime if he is not imprisoned; or
(3) such a sentence is essential to vindicate the authority of the court.
Neither the record nor the court's opinion indicates that the lower court gave any consideration to the time appellant spent serving his probation. Nor do they reveal the court's reasons for sentencing appellant to total confinement.
For appellant's liberty to be taken away and for the length of his confinement to be proper, there must be an explicit, on the record, compliance with 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 1371. Commonwealth v. Riggins, 474 Pa. 115, 377 A.2d 140 (1977); ...