Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the case of In Re: Claim of John T. Perez, No. B-182577.
George A. Gonzales, with him Barbara J. Hart and Louis M. Shucker, for petitioner.
Karen Durkin, Assistant Attorney General, with her James K. Bradley, Assistant Attorney General, Richard Wagner, Chief Counsel, and LeRoy S. Zimmerman, Attorney General, for respondent.
Judges Mencer, Rogers and Palladino, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Rogers. Judge Wilkinson did not participate in the decision in his case.
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The appellant in this unemployment compensation case was discharged from his employment for engaging in a fight with another employee on their employer's premises and was denied unemployment compensation benefits on the ground of his willful misconduct.
The competent evidence, consisting chiefly of the appellant's testimony, established that the claimant was told by another employee to go to the end of a group of persons waiting to leave the company's property shortly before leaving time; that the other employee told the appellant "to get back where he belonged" and made an insulting reference to the appellant's national origin, Puerto Rican; that the appellant responded, "If that's the way [he] felt about it to put me back there"; that as they were passing through a door the other employee "shoved me with his shoulder"; that the appellant then said "what is [your] problem" to which his antagonist responded "I don't like you [expletive] Puerto Ricans"; and that the appellant replied, "If that's the way you feel about it, then do something about it." The two then began to fight and continued to do so until the appellant took off his belt and swung it, striking the other in the face
[ 58 Pa. Commw. Page 284]
with the belt buckle and causing a one and one-half inch laceration. An employer representative who attended a meeting of the appellant and employer and union people testified that the appellant said at the meeting that he knew he had been wrong but couldn't change what he did.*fn1
From this evidence there is little, if any, basis for placing the onus of blame on one rather than the other of the combatants. The other employee's references to the appellant's nationality were offensive and provocative but the appellant's rejoinders were clear challenges to fight. The issue of this case is only that of whether the appellant's conduct constituted willful misconduct. It clearly did. In the not dissimilar case of Unemployment Compensation Board of Review v. Vojtas, 23 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 431, 433, 351 A.2d 700, 702 (1976), we wrote by Judge, now Justice, Wilkinson that
[P]articipation in a fight with the knowledge that such activity is contrary to company policy is intentional misconduct, substantial misconduct, and in deliberate violation of the employer's rules. Even without a stated policy, this type of conduct is in total disregard of the employer's interest and of the
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most basic standards of behavior which any ...