The opinion of the court was delivered by: LUONGO
This case involves a labor dispute between defendant Sun Ship, Inc. and two unions representing workers in Sun's shipyard, over Sun's attempt to subcontract work allegedly subject to the collective bargaining agreements between the parties at the same time that it is laying off a substantial number of employees. Plaintiff, Lodge 802 of the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers, moved for a preliminary injunction ordering Sun to arbitrate the issue, and enjoining Sun from discontinuing operations or further subcontracting while the arbitration is pending. Lodge 804 of the same international moved to intervene, seeking similar relief for its members.
On February 17, 1981, I held a hearing on the motions at which representatives of the unions and the company testified. Thereafter the parties submitted requests for findings of fact and conclusions of law, and memoranda addressed to the legal issues. On the basis of the record developed, I make the following
1. Plaintiff, Lodge 802, International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers is an unincorporated association and a labor organization representing production and maintenance employees.
2. Intervenor, Lodge 804, International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers is an unincorporated association and a labor organization representing coordinators, draftsmen, hourly designers and blueprint room employees.
3. Defendant, Sun Ship, Inc., is a Pennsylvania corporation engaged in the business of shipbuilding and repair and manufacturing of industrial products with its principal place of business at the Foot of Morton Avenue, Chester, Pennsylvania 19013.
4. Local 802 and Sun are parties to a collective bargaining agreement effective for the period beginning February 2, 1979 through January 8, 1982.
5. Local 804 and Sun are parties to a collective bargaining agreement effective for the period beginning February 9, 1979 through January 8, 1982.
6. On January 9, 1981, Sun announced its decision to terminate all new ship construction currently performed at its Chester, Pennsylvania, shipyard.
7. Pursuant to its decision, Sun has devised a plan to lay off within a year approximately 2400 of the 3200 employees currently represented by Local 802. It has likewise devised a plan to lay off within a year virtually all of the 160 employees represented by Local 804.
8. Since January 9, 1981, Sun has laid off indefinitely 386 employees represented by Local 802, and 9 employees represented by Local 804.
9. Sometime after January 9, 1981, Sun subcontracted with Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, for the construction of a sugar barge for California and Hawaii Sugar Company. Before subcontracting, the barge was to have been constructed in Sun's Chester shipyard, where work on the sugar barge would have been performed by members of Local 802.
10. Article IX, Paragraph 7 of the collective bargaining agreement between Local 802 and Sun provides that indefinite lay-offs must be predicated upon "reduction in the amount of available work."
11. Article XXVIII of the collective bargaining agreement between Local 802 and Sun provides that all disputes over the meaning, application, or interpretation of the ...