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SYLVIA HAUSER v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (03/11/81)

decided: March 11, 1981.

SYLVIA HAUSER, PETITIONER
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW, RESPONDENT



Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Sylvia Hauser, No. B-170474.

COUNSEL

Peter Goldberger, with him Brian Ross Hauser, Carroll, Creamer, Carroll & Duffy, for petitioner.

Stephen B. Lipson, Assistant Attorney General, with him Richard Wagner, Chief Counsel, and Harvey Bartle, III, Acting Attorney General, for respondent.

Judges Blatt, MacPhail and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. President Judge Crumlish and Judges Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers, Blatt, Craig, MacPhail, Williams, Jr. and Palladino. Opinion by Judge MacPhail. Judge Palladino dissents.

Author: Macphail

[ 57 Pa. Commw. Page 419]

Sylvia Hauser (Claimant) has filed this appeal from the March 26, 1979 order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) denying benefits pursuant to Section 402(b)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Act), Act of December 5, 1936, P.L. [1937] 2897, as amended, 43 P.S. § 802(b)(1).

The facts of this case are not in dispute. Claimant's husband was employed by Green Sportswear until in or about February of 1978 when the company was dissolved. One of the principals of Green Sportswear started a new business in Florida and extended to

[ 57 Pa. Commw. Page 420]

Claimant's husband an offer of employment, which he accepted. Claimant gave notice to her employer, Gimbel's of Philadelphia, and left her employment on or about March 31, 1978. Claimant voluntarily terminated her employment in order to join her husband in Florida.

Claimant applied for unemployment compensation benefits and the Bureau (now Office) of Employment Security denied benefits pursuant to Section 402(b)(2)*fn1 of the Act. This denial was affirmed by a referee and Claimant filed an appeal to the Board. The Board ordered a remand hearing. Following the remand hearing, the Board denied benefits pursuant to Section 402(b)(1) of the Act*fn2 which provides that a claimant shall be ineligible for compensation for any week in which unemployment is the result of a voluntary termination without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature.

The Board's decision stated, inter alia, "the claimant voluntarily terminated her employment for a

[ 57 Pa. Commw. Page 421]

    marital obligation; namely, to accompany her husband whose employment was transferred to another area, not within commuting distance of her employment. The Claimant was not the sole or major support of the family unit during a substantial part of the six month period at issue. Under these circumstances, it is deemed that the claimant's leaving of employment was not for cause of a necessitous and compelling nature under the aforementioned Section of the Law." (Emphasis added.) Of course, whether or not the Claimant was the sole or major support of her family during a substantial part of "the period at issue" is not a standard applicable to Section 402(b)(1) cases, but rather is the test used in Section 402(b)(2) cases. ...


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