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REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (01/13/81)

decided: January 13, 1981.

REPUBLIC STEEL CORPORATION, PETITIONER
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION APPEAL BOARD, MIKE HUSARIK AND COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, RESPONDENTS



Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of Mike Husarik v. Republic Steel Corporation, No. A-74810.

COUNSEL

Edward A. McFarland, Thomson, Rhodes & Grigsby, for petitioner.

Gregory D. Geiss, Assistant Attorney General, for respondents.

Judges Mencer, Craig and Palladino, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig. Dissenting Opinion by Judge Mencer.

Author: Craig

[ 56 Pa. Commw. Page 58]

Employer Republic Steel Corporation, self-insured, appeals from an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (board) affirming a referee's decision apportioning the liability to pay benefits equally between the employer and the Commonwealth, instead of 25% upon the employer and 75% upon the Commonwealth.

The claimant, an underground coal miner from 1935 to February 27, 1974, terminated his employment because he had difficulty breathing. Dr. Macy I. Levine examined the claimant on May 3, 1974 and on September 29, 1974. After the second examination, Dr. Levine prepared a report stating that the claimant was totally and permanently disabled due to pneumoconiosis.

[ 56 Pa. Commw. Page 59]

For the purpose of this appeal, disability is not at issue. Here the employer questions the referee's finding that the claimant became totally disabled on September 29, 1974, pointing instead to the testimony of Dr. Levine that claimant was disabled before May 3, 1974, which date, the employer contends, is the relevant date for the purpose of apportioning liability under Section 305.1 of The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act, Act of June 2, 1915, P.L. 736, as amended, added by Section 2 of the Act of December 6, 1972, P.L. 1627, 77 P.S. ยง 411.1; that section provides that, if the disability began between July 1, 1973 and June 30, 1974, the employer must pay 25% and the Commonwealth 75%, but if the disability began between July 1, 1974 and June 30, 1975, liability is apportioned equally between the employer and the Commonwealth.

An employer who disputes the date of disability has the burden of proving the actual date. Gateway Coal Co. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 36 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 608, 388 A.2d 1122 (1978).

Where, as here, the referee has found that the party with the burden has failed to meet it, our scope of review is limited to whether the referee capriciously disregarded competent evidence. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 39 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 103, 394 A.2d 1091 (1978). On the record before us, we cannot so hold.*fn1

In the present case, three medical experts other than Dr. Levine examined the claimant after September 29, 1974, and testified that the claimant was not disabled at the times of their respective examinations. ...


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