Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Schuykill County in the case of Robert C. Knepper and Joanne Knepper, his wife v. Borough of Tamaqua, No. S-1501 November Term, 1976.
Edward H. Heitmiller, for appellant.
Pasco L. Schiavo, for appellees.
Judges Mencer, Craig and Williams, Jr., sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Mencer.
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On July 15, 1975, the Borough of Tamaqua (Borough) began construction on a public roadway known as Yetten Circle. In the process of resurfacing the road, the grade level was raised several feet. Robert
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and Joanne Knepper (condemnees) filed a petition for the appointment of a board of view to assess eminent domain damages to their property, which fronts on Yetten Circle. The board of view found that the raised grade level deprived the condemnees of access to their property and awarded $3,500 in damages. The Borough appealed to the Court of Common Pleas of Schuylkill County, where a jury awarded a verdict of $10,000 to the condemnees. The trial court denied the Borough's motion for a new trial and this appeal followed.
In an appeal from an order refusing a new trial, our scope of review is limited to a determination of whether the trial court was guilty of a manifest abuse of discretion or an error of law. Pennsylvania Power & Light Co. v. Gilotti, 39 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 234, 395 A.2d 624 (1978). The Borough argues that (1) the verdict is against the weight of evidence and excessive as a matter of law and (2) the condemnees and their expert witness failed to consider the improvement to the property by the road construction as an element in their computation of damages.
The Borough's first contention is not supported by a review of the record. The condemnees and their expert witness testified to damages in the amount of $17,500 and $10,000, respectively, while the Borough's expert testified to an increase in value in the amount of $1,000. In a condemnation case, it is the province of the jury to weigh the credibility of conflicting testimony and determine the fair value of the property at the time of the taking. Redevelopment Authority of the City of Philadelphia v. Cohen, 31 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 173, 375 A.2d 881 (1977). We cannot say that the verdict of the jury is so contrary to the weight of evidence as to shock one's sense of justice. Faith United Presbyterian Church v. Redevelopment Authority, 7 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 490, 298 A.2d 614
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(1972). Furthermore, where the jury views the premises, as in this case, its award is entitled to special weight upon appellate review. Wolfe v. Redevelopment Authority of Johnstown, 1 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 172, 273 A.2d 923 (1971). After a view of the site, the jury may base its verdict upon its own judgment, following the court's instructions, and disregard the expert testimony entirely. Commonwealth v. Herold, 17 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 148, 330 A.2d 890 (1975).
The Borough also maintains that the disparity between the jury award and the board of view award indicates the need for a new trial. While the board of view award is an appropriate consideration of the trial court on a motion for a new trial, it is only one factor and is secondary to a review of the entire evidence presented at trial. Tinicum Real Estate Holding Corp. v. Department of Transportation, 480 Pa. 220, 389 A.2d 1034 (1978). A mere discrepancy in the two awards is not a sufficient ...