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decided: November 13, 1980.


Appeal from the Order of the Department of Banking in the case of Application of Daniel M. Tabas Under Section 112 of the Banking Code of 1965, as amended.


Morris R. Brooke, with him Lewis H. Van Dusen Jr., and Thomas J. Leach, Drinker, Biddle & Reath, for petitioner.

Elisabeth S. Shuster, Deputy Attorney General, with her, John E. Nanorta and Bonnie Jean McRobbie, Assistant Attorneys General, Allen C. Warshaw, Deputy Attorney General, and Edward G. Biester, Jr., Attorney General, for respondent.

President Judge Crumlish and Judges Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Blatt, Craig, MacPhail and Williams, Jr., Judge Rogers did not participate. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish.

Author: Crumlish

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 519]

Daniel M. Tabas appeals a Department of Banking (Department) decision which conditioned his ownership of shares of Lincoln National Company (Lincoln). We affirm in part and reverse in part.

In November, 1977, at the request of Norman D. Denny (Chairman of Lincoln National Company), the Department commenced proceedings against Tabas under Section 112 of the Banking Code of 1965, Act of November 30, 1965, P.L. 847, as amended, 7 P.S. § 112. The Section 112 proceeding was based on a discovery

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 520]

    that Tabas, together with his wife and son, held a 14.35% stock interest in Lincoln, a holding company for Lincoln National Bank.*fn1

Section 112(b) of the Code, 7 P.S. § 112(b), provides:

[I]t shall be unlawful, without the prior written approval, of the department pursuant to this section, for any person to acquire, or to make a proposal to acquire, shares of an institution or shares of a corporation which controls an institution if the aggregate number of shares held after such acquisition would total more than ten percent of the outstanding shares of such institution or corporation, whether or not any prior acquisition had been approved by the department pursuant to this section. (Emphasis added.)

For purposes of calculating a person's percentage "ownership" in a banking institution, Section 112(a)(i) specifically includes stock "ownership by a spouse or member of the family of such person. . . ." 7 P.S. § 112(a)(i).

Realizing that he had failed to procure Departmental approval for his 14.35% interest in Lincoln, Tabas filed an "after the fact" Section 112 application on January 20, 1978, requesting continued ownership of his Lincoln securities.*fn2 On September 27,

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 5211979]

, the Department approved both his personal and "family" ownership of 14.35% of Lincoln's shares but imposed the following conditions on continued ownership:

(1) Further acquisitions of Lincoln's shares by Tabas or his wife and son must receive the Department's prior written approval;

(2) So long as Tabas or his family hold more than 10% of the outstanding shares of Lincoln, his son Lee E. Tabas, may not be employed either as an officer or an employee of Lincoln Bank.

(3) Lee E. Tabas may not receive a fee, compensation, or other remuneration for his service as director, chairman, or member of the Board of Directors of Lincoln or Lincoln Bank in excess of remuneration paid to other Lincoln directors, chairman, or Board members.

Tabas, singly and on behalf of his family, objects to the conditions and argues that their imposition is unauthorized by Section 112(e) of the Code.*fn3 As to enumerated conditions (2) and (3), we must agree.*fn4

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 522]

The statutory authority for the imposition of conditions on an individual's ownership of stock in a banking institution is Section 112(e) of the Code:

If the department approves a proposed acquisition which may result in a change of control of such institution or corporation it may impose conditions. . . . (Emphasis added.)

"Control" in Section 112(e) is defined in Section 112(a)(ii) as:

     the power to elect a majority of the board of directors of an institution or corporation. (Emphasis added.)

By applying the clear language of Section 112(e) and Section 112(a)(ii) and the mechanics of cumulative voting to the following facts, we are compelled to strike enumerated conditions (2) and (3).

On February 1, 1979, Lincoln had a total equity participation of 307,055 shares and a 17-member Board of Directors that was staggered and elected by cumulative voting.*fn5 Of the 17 directors, five were slated for election in 1979.

Through the mechanics of cumulative voting, we can establish that 51,176.8 shares were required to ensure the election of a single director in 1979.*fn6 Since

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 523]

Tabas and his "family" held only 44,062.3 shares (14.35% of 307,055) in 1979, it was mathematically impossible for Tabas to elect even a single director. As Tabas lacked "the power to elect a majority" of Lincoln's board, it is axiomatic that his continued ownership of Lincoln securities would not affect "a change of control of such institution." Our conclusion is further supported as to future election years by reason of Lincoln's classified (staggered) board of directors.*fn7

Since the Department has failed to demonstrate that Tabas's ownership of Lincoln securities has or will affect a "change in control," we must conclude that enumerated conditions (2) and (3) were improperly imposed under Section 112(e) of the Banking Code.


The Department of Banking order, dated September 27, 1979, is hereby reversed insofar as Daniel M. Tabas's continued ownership of Lincoln securities is conditioned on (1) Lee E. Tabas shall not be employed by Lincoln National Company or Lincoln Bank as either an officer or an employee; and (2) no remuneration should be paid to Lee E. Tabas in his capacity as a director or chairman or member of any committee or the Board of Directors of Lincoln National Company or Lincoln Bank in an amount in excess of that which any other such director, chairman or member would receive for serving in a similar capacity.

[ 54 Pa. Commw. Page 524]

The Department order is hereby affirmed insofar as Tabas's continued ownership of Lincoln securities is subject to Departmental approval for future acquisitions of Lincoln stock.


Affirmed in part and reversed in part.

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