No. 152 March Term, 1978, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Dauphin County, Criminal Division, at No. 1662 Crim. Div. 1978.
James L. Walsh, Harrisburg, for appellant.
Marion E. MacIntyre, Assistant District Attorney, Harrisburg, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Cercone, President Judge, and Wieand and Hoffman, JJ.*fn*
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This is an appeal by defendant Oscar Waters who was convicted by a jury of soliciting an undercover state trooper to commit voluntary deviate sexual intercourse. The state trooper testified that she engaged in two discussions with appellant, who was in an automobile, and these discussions had to do, in part, with sexual activity. Although appellant was arrested solely on a charge of criminal solicitation to commit prostitution (in the words of the criminal complaint), the information charged a second count as well, solicitation to commit voluntary deviate sexual intercourse. Appellant's first trial commenced before a jury on February 14, 1978, but was terminated by the court's declaration of a mistrial when the jury declared itself hopelessly deadlocked after two to three hours of deliberation. At the second trial, the jury found appellant guilty of the second count of the information.
Appellant's arguments are threefold: first, appellant argues that he was placed in double jeopardy as a result of the second trial; second, appellant maintains that a certain discussion at sidebar, with regard to the admissibility of a
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defense exhibit, was incorrectly held off-the-record, thereby depriving appellate counsel of a full transcript of the trial proceedings upon which to base his appeal; and, third, appellant claims that the sections of the Crimes Code*fn1 dealing with voluntary deviate sexual intercourse are unconstitutional. We find it unnecessary to reach appellant's first two allegations of error because in view of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court's recent decision in Commonwealth v. Bonadio, 490 Pa. 91, 415 A.2d 47 (1980), which held the relevant sections of the Crimes Code unconstitutional, we will reverse.
In Commonwealth v. Bonadio, supra, the Supreme Court held that the statute prohibiting voluntary deviate sexual intercourse between unmarried partners is unconstitutional as a denial of equal protection.*fn2 As a majority of the Court stated the statute "offends the Constitution by creating a classification based on marital status (making deviate acts criminal only when performed between unmarried persons) where such differential treatment is not supported by a sufficient state interest and thereby denies equal protection of the laws." Id., 490 Pa. at 98, 415 A.2d at 51. In denying that there is any justification for the creation of an exception for married people, whose exclusion is claimed to promote a state interest in the maintenance of the inherent privacy in the marital relationship, the Court said: "We do not find such a justification to be reasonable or to have a fair and substantial relation to the object of the
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legislation." Id., 490 Pa. at 99, 415 A.2d at 51. The Court concluded by noting that the marital status of voluntarily participating adults bears no rational or logical relationship to whether a sexual act should or should not be legal.
Thus, since it has been determined that the statute under which appellant was convicted is constitutionally defective, this court must reverse the judgment ...