Appeals from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in case of Bethel Park School District v. Bethel Park Federation of Teachers, Local 1607, American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO, No. GD79-26350.
Donald T. O'Connor, with him, John S. Brendel, Buchanan, Ingersoll, Rodewald, Kyle & Buerger, for appellant, Bethel Park School District.
Louis B. Kushner, with him Stephen H. Jordan, Sandra R. Kushner, and Ronald G. Backer, Rothman, Gordon, Foreman & Groudine, P.A., for appellee, Bethel Park Federation of Teachers, Local 1607, American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO.
President Judge Crumlish and Judges Wilkinson, Jr., Rogers, Blatt, Craig, MacPhail and Williams, Jr. Judge Mencer did not participate. Opinion by President Judge Crumlish. Judge Williams, Jr., concurs in the result only.
In Bethel Park School District v. Bethel Park Federation of Teachers, 51 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 104, 414 A.2d 145 (1980), this Court approved an Allegheny County Common Pleas Court Chancellor's preliminary injunction ordering teachers' union members to immediately return to work but, in doing so, rejected that portion of the order which fixed the school's calendar year and the teachers' working terms and conditions in concert with the school district's last negotiation offer to the union. We concluded that the Chancellor exceeded those equitable powers provided for the purpose of ending a strike by judicially imposing a "back-to-work order which incorporated terms of employment never previously in effect nor subsequently agreed upon by the bargaining parties."
On October 22, 1979, the court below, in issuing a decree nisi, declared that the strike was a clear and present danger to the public's health, safety and welfare, adopted verbatim the terms and conditions provision of the Chancellor's October 17 decision contested and decided in Bethel Park, and ordered the strike ended. On October 26th, the Chancellor issued his adjudication, to which both the school district and the teachers' union filed timely exceptions. On January 3, 1980, the exceptions were dismissed and the decree nisi affirmed. Cross appeals by the school district and union followed.
Section 1003 of the Public Employe Relations Act, Act of July 23, 1970, P.L. 563, as amended, 43 P.S. § 1101.1003, specifically provides judicial authority for equitable relief after the collective bargaining processes have been completely utilized and exhausted only if the strike jurisdiction's court of common pleas "finds that the strike creates a clear and present danger or threat to the health, safety or welfare of the
public." In Armstrong Education Association v. Armstrong School District, 5 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 378, 384, 291 A.2d 120, 124 (1972), we elaborated upon the import of this section:
By enacting Act No. 195 which authorizes such strikes, the Legislature may be understood to have indicated its willingness to accept certain inconveniences, for such are inevitable, but it obviously intended to draw the line at those which post a danger to the public health, safety or welfare.
In Bristol Township Education Association v. School District of Bristol Township, 14 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 463, 322 A.2d 767 (1974), we concluded that our scope of review is limited to whether apparently reasonable grounds existed for the equitable relief ordered by the court below. Further, if support does exist for the Chancellor's findings and decision, then we will neither consider the merits of the case nor pass upon the reasons for or against the action "unless . . . the rules of law relied upon were palpably wrong or clearly inapplicable." School District of the City of Pittsburgh v. Zebra, 15 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 203, 208, 325 A.2d 330, 333 (1974).
Upon ordering an end to the teachers' strike, the lower court enumerated losses of state subsidies, instructional days, vocational job, higher education and special education opportunities, counseling, social and health services, extracurricular enrichment programs, and employees' work oportunities and wages, all as factors constituting a clear and present danger to the Bethel Park School District community. A thorough review of the record and our ...