filed: August 29, 1980.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLANT,
No. 782 October Term, 1979, Appeal from Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe County, Criminal Division, Nos. 814 of 1978, 3 of 1979.
James Gregor, Assistant District Attorney, Stroudsburg, for Commonwealth, appellant.
George Westervelt, Jr., Stroudsburg for appellee.
Price, Watkins and Hoffman, JJ. Price, J., files a concurring statement.
Author: Per Curiam
[ 280 Pa. Super. Page 272]
The Commonwealth, appellant herein, contends that the lower court erred in granting appellee's motion to suppress certain physical evidence and statements on the basis that they had been obtained as a result of an illegal search. Appellee has filed a motion to quash this appeal. For the reasons which follow, we grant appellee's motion.
"It is settled that the Commonwealth may only appeal from a pretrial suppression order if the question raised by the order is a pure question of law, and if the order effectively terminates or substantially handicaps the prosecution . . . ." Commonwealth v. Martz, 259 Pa. Super. 201, 203,
[ 280 Pa. Super. Page 273393]
A.2d 787, 788 (1978). In Commonwealth v. Bosurgi, 411 Pa. 56, 190 A.2d 304 (1963), our Supreme Court stated:
From the point of view of the Commonwealth, two possible situations may arise: (a) the order of suppression will result in a termination and conclusion of the prosecution or (b) while the order of suppression will not result in a termination or conclusion of the prosecution, it will result in a prosecution wherein the Commonwealth is substantially handicapped because it cannot present all its available evidence.
Id., 411 Pa. at 63, 190 A.2d at 308 (emphasis in original). In Commonwealth v. Kunkel, 254 Pa. Super. 5, 385 A.2d 496 (1978), a plurality of our Court held "that in every case in which the Commonwealth appeals from an order suppressing evidence, the Commonwealth must include in its brief in support of its claim that this court has jurisdiction to hear the appeal, first, a statement that the suppression will terminate or substantially handicap the prosecution; and second, a brief explanation, not inconsistent with the record, why this is so." Id., 254 Pa. Super. at 10, 385 A.2d at 498-499.*fn1 Subsequently, in Commonwealth v. Martz, 259 Pa. Super. 201, 393 A.2d 787 (1978), a majority of our Court adopted the Kunkel requirements but held that although the Commonwealth's brief did not comply with those requirements, it would be unfair to penalize the Commonwealth because the appeal had been filed before our Court's decision in Kunkel. Consequently, the Court allowed the Commonwealth thirty days to file a supplemental brief in conformity with Kunkel.
As in Kunkel and Martz, the Commonwealth's brief in this case does "not contain 'even a bare, or conclusory, allegation . . . that the suppression will terminate or substantially handicap the prosecution,'" Commonwealth v. Martz, supra,
[ 280 Pa. Super. Page 274259]
Pa. Super. at 203, 393 A.2d at 788 (quoting Commonwealth v. Kunkel, supra, 254 Pa. Super. at 11, 385 A.2d at 499).*fn2 Because the Commonwealth's notice of appeal in this case was filed more than a year after this Court's decision in Kunkel and almost six months after Martz,*fn3 we must quash this appeal.
PRICE, Judge, concurring:
I concur in the decision to quash this appeal solely on the basis of the majority position in Commonwealth v. Kunkel, 254 Pa. Super. 5, 385 A.2d 496 (1978). My position and current belief is still in Commonwealth v. Deren, 233 Pa. Super. 373, 337 A.2d 600 (1975) and in my dissent in Kunkel, supra. Hopefully, we can expect some further direction from our supreme court since, in Commonwealth v. Bosurgi, 411 Pa. 56, 190 A.2d 304 (1963), their last word on the question sets forth the proper test, but gives no guidance on its application.