Appeals from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County in the case of Gill Quarries, Inc. v. The Board of Supervisors of East Norriton Township, No. 78-20726, and The Board of Supervisors of East Norriton Township v. Gill Quarries, Inc., No. 78-19920.
J. Edmund Mullin, with him Marc D. Jonas, Hamburg, Rubin, Mullin & Maxwell, for appellant.
John F. Christie, III, High, Swartz, Roberts & Seidel, for appellee.
President Judge Crumlish and Judges Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers, Craig, MacPhail and Williams, Jr. Judge Blatt did not participate. Opinion by Judge Mencer.
[ 53 Pa. Commw. Page 196]
Presently before us are the consolidated appeals by the Board of Supervisors of East Norriton Township (Board) from two orders of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County. In No. 930 C.D. 1979, the lower court dismissed the Board's petition for a declaratory judgment on the bases that a decision on its merits would not terminate the controversy giving rise to the proceedings, see Declaratory Judgments Act, 42 Pa. C.S. § 7537, and that the Board was seeking an advisory opinion. In No. 929 C.D. 1979, the lower court ordered the Board, pursuant to a complaint in mandamus filed by Gill Quarries, Inc. (Gill), to hold hearings on Gill's proposed curative amendment to the Township's zoning code. The lower court also ordered the Board not to utilize the services of the Township's solicitor during those hearings. We affirm the lower court's order in 930 C.D. 1979 and affirm as modified herein the lower court's order in 929 C.D. 1979.
The facts are not in dispute. On May 18, 1978, Gill filed an application with the Board for a curative amendment, pursuant to Section 609.1 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code (MPC), Act of July 31, 1968, P.L. 805, as amended, added by Section 10 of the Act of June 1, 1972, P.L. 333, 53 P.S. § 10609.1. Gill, the owner of a 60-acre tract, zoned residential, alleged that the Township did not provide for quarries in its zoning ordinance and that this omission constituted unlawful exclusionary zoning. Although several hearings were conducted on Gill's application, no evidence was taken nor did the Board take any action on the merits. Rather, the Board questioned the legality of the MPC's curative amendment procedure, alleging that the procedure fostered an unconstitutional commingling and/or bias on the part of both the Board and its solicitor. At the conclusion of the third hearing, the Board voted to continue the
[ 53 Pa. Commw. Page 197]
hearings indefinitely and file a petition for declaratory judgment in order to test the constitutionality of the MPC's curative amendment provisions. Gill followed with an action in mandamus seeking to compel the Board to hear its petition. From the lower court's adverse rulings in both matters, the Board appealed to this court.
[ 53 Pa. Commw. Page 198]
Although we are inclined to agree with the lower court that the Board is merely seeking an advisory opinion, see Harford County v. Schultz, 280 Md. 77, 371 A.2d 428 (1977), we affirm the dismissal for another fundamental reason. We find, under the facts of this case, that the Board lacks standing to contest the constitutionality of the MPC's curative amendment procedure. As stated in Commonwealth v. Dollar Savings Bank, 259 Pa. 138, 146, 102 A. 569, 571-72 (1917), "'a court will never heed objections to the constitutionality of an act of assembly unless the complainants are affected by the particular feature alleged to be in conflict with the Constitution'. . . ." (Citation omitted.) Accord, Dwyer v. Dilworth, 392 Pa. 123, 139 A.2d 653 (1958); Knowles's Estate, 295 Pa. 571, 145 A. 797 (1929). See also Wm. Penn Parking Garage, Inc. v. City of Pittsburgh, 464 Pa. 168, 346 A.2d 269 (1975). Here we fail to perceive how the alleged unconstitutionality of the MPC's curative amendment procedure either has an adverse impact upon the Board or infringes upon its constitutional rights. Cf. Whitehall Township v. Oswald, 400 Pa. 65, 161 A.2d 348 (1960) (township lacks standing to contest the constitutionality of one of its own zoning ordinances by a declaratory judgment action). Accord, City of Mishawaka v. Mohney, 156 Ind. App. 668, 297 N.E.2d 858 (1973). In addition, the Township, as a creature of the legislature, Department of Environmental Page 198} Resources v. Borough of Carlisle, 16 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 341, 330 A.2d 293 (1974), ...