Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of Judith A. Sabella, No. B-165770-B.
Carl M. Moses, for petitioner.
William J. Kennedy, Assistant Attorney General, with him Richard Wagner, Chief Counsel, and Edward G. Biester, Jr., Attorney General, for respondent.
Judges Rogers, Blatt and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.
[ 52 Pa. Commw. Page 259]
Judith A. Sabella (claimant) appeals here from an order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) which denied her benefits after finding
[ 52 Pa. Commw. Page 260]
that she voluntarily terminated her employment without cause of a necessitous and compelling nature.*fn1
The claimant was employed as an Administrator by the Redevelopment Authority of Sharon (Authority) when a clerical employee was hired by the City of Sharon to work under her direction. Problems arose almost immediately when this employe refused to perform her assigned duties or to accept supervision from the claimant. The claimant discussed the situation with her supervisor who in turn spoke with the Mayor of the City who was responsible for the clerical employee's position. The supervisor reported back to the claimant that the Mayor would not allow the discharge of the clerical employee because he was fearful that a discrimination suit would be instituted against the City with the possibility that federal funds would be discontinued. The Mayor suggested that the claimant consider moving her office to another building in an attempt to alleviate the problem. The claimant did consider the feasibility of moving her office but determined that it would be impossible because she had to have access to files which would have to remain in the Authority building and she also had to be in close proximity to other office personnel who worked with her and/or under her direction. She discussed this with her supervisor who agreed that such a move was impossible. Finding herself in an intolerable working condition with no viable alternatives, she resigned. Her request for benefits was denied by the Board after two hearings*fn2 and so she appeals here.
[ 52 Pa. Commw. Page 261]
A claimant becoming unemployed because of a voluntary termination assumes the burden of showing that such termination was for cause of a necessitous and compelling nature. Taylor v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 474 Pa. 351, 378 A.2d 829 (1977) and our Supreme Court has said that such "good cause" results from circumstances which produce pressure to terminate employment that is both real and substantial, and which would compel a reasonable person under the circumstances to act in the same manner. Taylor, supra.
The Board's decision rests in the instant case primarily on two findings: First the Board found that the claimant terminated her employment because of a personality conflict with another employee which she felt was making her nervous. While we must accept the Board's finding, for it is based on substantial evidence, its conclusion that these circumstances do not rise to a cause of a necessitous and compelling nature is a legal conclusion subject to our review. Taylor, supra. And the uncontradicted testimony of both the claimant and her supervisor was to the effect that this "personality conflict" rendered working conditions intolerable. A reading of the record convinces us that it was impossible for the claimant to continue working under these circumstances. This brings us to the Board's second crucial finding which was that the claimant was offered an opportunity to move her office but refused to do so. If this were true the claimant would have failed to carry her burden because it is, of course, incumbent upon an employee to make every reasonable effort to maintain the employment relationship. The claimant's ...