Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montour County in case of Sadie Rose Hoffman v. Montour County, No. 235 of 1978.
John A. Mihalik, of Hummel, James & Mihalik, for appellant.
Robert W. Buehner, Jr., of Marks and Wagner, for appellee.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Craig. President Judge Bowman did not participate in the decision in this case.
[ 50 Pa. Commw. Page 102]
Sadie Rose Hoffman (employee) appeals from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Montour County, which dismissed her appeal because the action of the Montour County Board of Commissioners (commissioners) discharging her from her public employment did not constitute an adjudication as defined by Section 11302 of the Local Agency Law,*fn1 so as to entitle her to a due process hearing by the county and an appeal to court.
On December 8, 1977, the commissioners discharged the employee from her position as assistant tax assessor for the county. A vociferous disagreement between employee and her supervisor a couple of days earlier precipitated the commissioners' action. At the employee's request, the commissioners held a hearing on the matter of her discharge, and decided not to reinstate her.
This case is controlled by our holding in Amesbury v. Luzerne County Institution District, 27 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 418, 366 A.2d 631 (1976). There we
[ 50 Pa. Commw. Page 103]
held that an employee's discharge had to affect a property right in the employment in order to constitute an adjudication requiring a due process hearing under Section 11304 of the Local Agency Law.*fn2
The specific issue therefore is whether or not the employee had any property right in her county position.
Here, as in Amesbury, supra, the employee had no statutory or contractual rights granting tenure in her public employment. Thus, she was an employee at will who could be discharged at any time. Employee's status, devoid of any property rights in her employment, made a hearing unnecessary before discharging her. Hence, the commissioners were not required to adhere to due process standards at the hearing they voluntarily granted her.
The employee also contends that she was discharged for exercising her first amendment right of free speech. Because the subjects of the disagreement were purely personal concerns (whether justified or not) constitutionally-protected speech was not involved. ...