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decided: March 6, 1980.


Appeal from the Order of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission in case of Application of Armored Motor Service Corporation for Motor Carrier Certificate or Permit, Docket No. 97531, Folder 2.


William J. Lavelle, of Wick, Vuono & Lavelle, for petitioner.

Robert A. Christianson, Assistant Counsel, with him Alfred N. Lowenstein, Deputy Chief Counsel, and George M. Kashi, Chief Counsel, for respondent.

James W. Patterson, with him, of counsel, Harper, George, Buchanan & Driver, for Purolator Security, Inc. and Purolator Courier Corp., intervening respondents.

Herbert R. Nurick, of McNees, Wallace and Nurick, for Brink's Incorporated, intervening respondent.

Judges Rogers, Blatt and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt. President Judge Bowman did not participate in the decision in this case. Judge DiSalle did not participate in the decision in this case.

Author: Blatt

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 625]

The Armored Motor Service Corporation (Armored) appeals here from an order of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission (Commission) which denied its application in 1975 for a permit to operate as a motor common carrier. The application was denied because Armored failed to show the necessity of its proposed service as required by Section 1103 of the Public Utility Code, 66 Pa. C.S. ยง 1103.*fn1 This denial, according to the opinion accompanying the Commission's order, was required largely because of the Commission's refusal to consider proffered evidence as to the need for and the adequacy of service provided by Armored for many years prior to its 1975 application. The evidence was refused because this prior service had not been authorized by the Commission.

Armored argues here that its apparently illegal service prior to 1975 was conducted under the color of right of a letter it had received in 1950 from the Commission's law bureau, sent in response to a request made at that time by Armored for the necessary forms to obtain a permit to operate as an armored car service. In that letter the Commission's counsel had stated that the Commission had no jurisdiction to regulate armored car services, and Armored contends that it relied on this assurance in providing its service thereafter. The Commission counsel evidently

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 626]

    relied mistakenly on a 1935 Superior Court decision*fn2 which held that contract carriers such as Armored were not subject to the Commission's regulation. This decision, however, was implicitly overruled in 1937 with the enactment of Article VIII of the Public Utility Law, Act of May 28, 1937, P.L. 1053, which specifically extended the Commission's jurisdiction to contract carriers.*fn3

Upon receipt of the 1950 letter from the Commission's counsel, Armored commenced armored car service in Philadelphia and Bucks Counties and in 1953 it added a courier service in that area. Between 1950 and 1976, it provided intrastate armored car and courier service for 46 banks, businesses and churches in southeastern Pennsylvania, and in the early 1970's it entered into a contract with the General Services Administration of the United States to transport coin between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, and it then applied for a Commission permit to operate as a contract carrier along the specific General Services Administration route. This permit was granted in August of 1974.

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 627]

It is well settled that an applicant for common carrier authority who has rendered unauthorized service in the past cannot sustain the burden of showing its fitness based on evidence of the fitness of its unauthorized service unless it can also show, by clear and convincing evidence, that the service in question was provided as the result of a bona fide misunderstanding by the applicant as to the service authorized by the Commission. Manganell v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 18 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 373, 335 A.2d 890 (1975). In Bunting Bristol Transfer, Page 627} Inc. v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 418 Pa. 286, 210 A.2d 281 (1965), our Supreme Court stated:

[E]vidence of illegal operations deliberately rendered on the part of an applicant for a certificate from the Commission and related shipper testimony is 'improper for consideration by the Commission' and 'must be excluded' . . . . In considering applications of the character herein presented the Commission must not only make a finding whether the violation of a carrier's certificated rights was based upon a bona fide misunderstanding but such finding must be based upon clear and convincing evidence.

418 Pa. at 292-93, 210 A.2d at 284.

The outcome of this appeal, therefore, depends upon whether or not the Commission properly found that Armored had not met its burden of showing that its prior unauthorized service resulted from a good faith misunderstanding of the law caused by the letter it received from the Commission's counsel in 1950. Our review of the record reveals several inconsistencies in Armored's argument, and we agree with the Commission that Armored failed to meet this burden.

First, if Armored had relied so heavily on the 1950 letter, it would hardly have applied at all in 1972 for authorization to operate as a contract carrier. This observation of the Commission is especially significant in the light of the obsolete Superior Court case on which the letter was based,*fn4 which held that contract carriers were not subject to the Commission's regulation. The fact that Armored applied for a permit to operate as a contract carrier indicates Armored's awareness that the holding in the case concerned had been superseded by subsequent legislation.

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 628]

Second, a representative of Armored testified that its 1972 application was prompted by its decision to reroute its Philadelphia to Pittsburgh route so as to eliminate a stop in Trenton, New Jersey, and Armored believed that this change would remove the route from the scope of authorization of the Interstate Commerce Commission, which had previously certificated the route, and, therefore, it required intrastate authority from the Commission. If Armored did so believe, then it at least had a fundamental grasp of the extent of the Commission's jurisdiction, and its assertion that it did not know that its intrastate services were subject to regulation seems even more dubious.

Third, as the Commission observed, if Armored actually had relied on the 1950 letter for 22 years of prior service, it would hardly have applied for authorization in 1972 without mentioning the letter. Moreover, if the reliance had been bona fide, surely Armored would have then revealed the extent of its other operations in the state.

Finally, as the Commission observed, every applicant for carrier permits is required to disclose in its application whether or not it is already providing the services for which permission is requested. If, as Armored contends, it did not understand the difference between a contract carrier and a common carrier, then Armored would surely have stated in its 1972 contract carrier application that it was already offering services of the class being applied for.

We believe that, although the Commission's counsel was in error in the letter sent in 1950, and although Armored's initial reliance thereon may have been justified, Armored's mere presentation of the 1950 letter, coupled with its professed ignorance of public utility law, does not amount to a clear and convincing showing that its reliance on the letter was in good faith.

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 629]

We conclude, therefore, that Armored's proffered evidence of its prior illegal service was properly disregarded and that the order of the Commission must be affirmed.


And Now, this 6th day of March, 1980, the order of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission in the above-captioned matter is hereby affirmed.

President Judge Bowman did not participate in the decision in this case.

Judge DiSalle did not participate in the decision in this case.



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