Defendant Governor's Committee on Post Secondary Education (Committee) hired plaintiff, a white male, as a senior planner in July, 1975. Two months later plaintiff's immediate supervisor, defendant Leonard, the executive director of the committee,
met plaintiff's black wife. Thereafter, plaintiff alleges, defendants subjected him to a systematic pattern of conduct designed to harass and discriminate against him and calculated to limit employment and promotional opportunities. Defendants also allegedly refused to recommend plaintiff for permanent employment because of "personal reasons" of defendant Leonard, who supposedly suggested that plaintiff resign in exchange for an offer of another position. When plaintiff refused, defendants dismissed him and told plaintiff that he had demonstrated unprofessional and unstable behavior and that his work performance was unsatisfactory.
Plaintiff accuses defendants of depriving him of his right to make and enforce a contract of employment, of robbing him of his right to full and equal rights under the law and the privileges and immunities guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States and the State of Georgia, and of conspiring with each other to violate plaintiff's civil rights and to deny him opportunities for equal advancement and employment. After exhausting the procedures before the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, plaintiff commenced this action to declare defendants' practices illegal and unconstitutional, to obtain back pay, to procure defendants' records and files concerning plaintiff, and to receive compensatory and punitive damages as well as attorney's fees.
Defendants, now moving to dismiss, contend that this Court lacks personal jurisdiction over them because defendants lack the "minimum contacts" required by the Due Process Clause.
To exercise jurisdiction consonant with due process over a non-resident defendant, a federal district court must find that "certain minimum contacts" exist between the non-resident defendant and the forum "such that maintenance of the suit does not offend "traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.' " International Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310, 316, 66 S. Ct. 154, 158, 90 L. Ed. 95 (1945), Kulko v. California, 436 U.S. 84, 98 S. Ct. 1690, 56 L. Ed. 2d 132 (1978). Determining whether a defendant's contacts are sufficient to meet the demands of due process requires weighing the facts of each case. At a minimum the Court must find "some act by which the defendant purposefully avails itself of the privilege of conducting activity within the forum ... thus invoking the benefit and protection of the laws." Hanson v. Denckla, 357 U.S. 235, 253, 78 S. Ct. 1228, 1239, 2 L. Ed. 2d 1283 (1958). Additionally, the inquiry focuses not only upon the quantity, quality and nature of defendant's activities but also upon the relationship of those activities and the forum. Rush v. Savchuk, 444 U.S. 320, 100 S. Ct. 571, 62 L. Ed. 2d 516 (1980), Kulko v. California Superior Court, supra, Shaffer v. Heitner, 433 U.S. 186, 97 S. Ct. 2569, 53 L. Ed. 2d 683 (1977). A second consideration includes analysis of the contacts between the litigation and the forum. Rush v. Savchuk, supra, Shaffer v. Heitner, supra. Essentially, the question is whether requiring defendants to defend the suit in this forum is reasonable, fair and just. World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson, 444 U.S. 286, 100 S. Ct. 559, 62 L. Ed. 2d 490 (1980), Rush v. Savchuk, supra, Shaffer v. Heitner, supra, International Shoe Co. v. Washington, supra.
However, for the "convenience of the parties and witnesses (and) in the interest of justice", the matter will be transferred to the Northern District of Georgia, where the suit could have been filed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) and United States v. Berkowitz, 328 F.2d 358 (3d ...