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DOROTHY BARNHART v. ZONING HEARING BOARD NOTTINGHAM TOWNSHIP (02/28/80)

decided: February 28, 1980.

DOROTHY BARNHART, APPELLANT
v.
ZONING HEARING BOARD OF NOTTINGHAM TOWNSHIP, WASHINGTON COUNTY, PA., APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Washington County in case of Dorothy Barnhart v. Zoning Hearing Board of Nottingham Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, No. 51 February Term, 1978.

COUNSEL

William A. Johnson, of Wilsom & Johnson, for appellant.

Bernard L. McQuinly, with him Peter J. Mansmann, of Mansmann, Beggy & Campbell, for appellee.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr. This decision was reached prior to the death of President Judge Bowman. Judge DiSalle did not participate in the decision in this case.

Author: Crumlish

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 482]

The Washington County Common Pleas Court affirmed the finding of the Nottingham Township Zoning Hearing Board (ZHB) that the boarding of horses was not a agricultural use within the meaning of the zoning ordinance. Dorothy Barnhart appeals. We reverse.

The facts are as follows:

Barnhart is the lessee of 65 acres of ground in Nottingham Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, used for the boarding and riding of approximately 33 horses owned by 19 separate owners. At the time of the hearing, the property in question was zoned A-1 Agricultural/R-1 Residential. In 1977, to legitimize the use, Barnhart applied to the ZHB for a variance and at the same time contended that her use was permitted as a matter of right under the ordinance. The ZHB found that the requested use was not permitted within the terms of the ordinance because of its commercial aspect and denied the variance, finding no evidence of hardship peculiar to the property.

[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 483]

The common pleas court affirmed on appeal.

Here, Barnhart only contests the lower court's refusal to find that her use was permitted. Thus, the question is whether the boarding of horses under these facts is an agricultural use within the terms of the statute.

Where, as in this case, the court below took no additional testimony, our review is limited to the narrow issue of whether the ZHB abused its discretion or committed an error of law. Village 2 at New Hope, Inc. Appeals, 429 Pa. 626, 241 A.2d 81 (1968).

In interpreting a section defining permitted uses, the permissive nature of the phrase in the ordinance must be broadly interpreted so as to give a landowner the benefit of the least restrictive use and enjoyment of his land. Brunner v. Upper Makefield Township ...


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