Original jurisdiction in case of Wayne Carlise Jacobs v. William B. Robinson, Commissioner, Bureau of Corrections, Department of Justice, et al.
Wayne Carlisle Jacobs, petitioner, for himself.
Francis R. Filipi, Assistant Attorney General, with him, Edward G. Biester, Jr., Attorney General, for respondents.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers, Blatt, DiSalle, Craig and MacPhail. Opinion by Judge Mencer. This decision was reached prior to the expiration of the term of office of Judge DiSalle.
[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 195]
Petitioner, Wayne Carlise Jacobs, seeks our review of the Bureau of Corrections' computation of his sentence. The parties' cross-motions for summary judgment are before us for consideration.
Petitioner was sentenced to serve a term of imprisonment of not less than 2 years nor more than 5 years to be computed from March 24, 1977. On September 14, 1977, the petitioner was inadvertently released from the State Correctional Institution at Graterford (Graterford) because of a clerical error in recording his sentence. Upon his release, he came under the supervising authority of the Probation Department of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County.
[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 196]
On April 27, 1978, the clerical error which resulted in petitioner's release from prison was discovered by prison authorities and, on May 5, 1978, a warrant for his arrest on the charge of escape was obtained.*fn1 It was not until December 16, 1978 that the petitioner was taken into custody and returned to Graterford. Thereafter, the records officer at Graterford administratively adjusted the effective minimum and maximum dates of petitioner's sentence so as to deny him credit for the time during which he was at large after the issuance of the warrant of arrest -- 7 months and 11 days*fn2 -- but, when petitioner by correspondence complained to the Commissioner of Corrections relative to this sentence adjustment, the Commissioner directed the records officer to adjust the petitioner's sentence so as to deny him credit for a period of 1 year, 3 months and 2 days,*fn3 representing the time that petitioner was away from Graterford.
An escapee is not entitled to credit for time spent at large prior to being apprehended. Commonwealth ex rel. Goins v. Rundle, 411 Pa. 590, 192 A.2d 720, cert. denied, 375 U.S. 959 (1963); Harbold v. Carson, 24 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 417, 356 A.2d 835 (1976). However, under the circumstances of this case, petitioner cannot be classified as an escapee upon his inadvertent release by prison authorities. Furthermore,
[ 49 Pa. Commw. Page 197]
a prisoner cannot be compelled to serve a sentence in installments and has a right to serve his sentence continuously. Robinson v. Department of Justice, 32 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 77, 377 A.2d 1277 (1977). Since the charge of escape upon which the warrant of arrest was issued was dismissed, we must conclude that it was error not to credit petitioner with the time he was in the community and under the supervision of the Probation Department of Philadelphia County.*fn4 See Adams v. Board of Probation and Parole, 42 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 568, 395 A.2d 1035 (1979).
Therefore, we will grant summary judgment in petitioner's favor and order the Bureau of Corrections to recompute his sentence, crediting the time from September 14, 1977 to December 16, 1978 to the sentence ...