No. 2815 October Term 1978 Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, Pa., Criminal Div. at No. 4405-77.
Walter B. Dunsmore, Assistant Public Defender, Norristown, for appellant.
John J. Burfete, Assistant District Attorney, Norristown, submitted a brief on behalf of the Commonwealth, appellee.
Spaeth, Stranahan and Sugerman, JJ.*fn*
[ 275 Pa. Super. Page 128]
Appellant was tried by a judge sitting without a jury and was convicted of disorderly conduct*fn1 and possession of a prohibited offensive weapon.*fn2 After his post-verdict motions were denied, appellant was sentenced to a term of 9 months to 5 years in prison for possession of a prohibited offensive weapon; he was given a suspended sentence for disorderly conduct.*fn3 On this appeal appellant argues that the evidence failed to establish that he possessed a prohibited offensive weapon as such a weapon is defined by section 908 of the Crimes Code.
The charges arose from appellant's possession of a folding knife with a seven inch blade. Appellant testified that he purchased the knife at a sporting goods store, to use for hunting and fishing. He was arrested, however, during a disturbance in a barroom, when he stood in the middle of the barroom floor, waving the knife at other people.
Section 908(a) of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code provides: "A person commits a misdemeanor of the first degree if, except as authorized by law, he makes repairs, sells, or otherwise deals in, uses, or possesses any offensive weapon."
[ 275 Pa. Super. Page 129]
Section 908(c) defines an "offensive weapon" as "any bomb, grenade, machine gun, sawed-off shotgun, firearm specially made or specially adapted for concealment or silent discharge, any black jack, sandbag, metal knuckles, dagger, knife, razor or cutting instrument, the blade of which is exposed in an automatic way by switch, push-button, spring mechanism or otherwise, or other implement for the infliction of serious bodily injury which serves no common lawful purpose." (Emphasis added.) We must therefore decide, first, whether appellant's knife had a blade "exposed in an automatic way," and second, if it did not, whether it was an "implement for the infliction of serious bodily injury which serve[d] no common lawful purpose."
The testimony at trial established, and the Commonwealth concedes, that appellant's knife was not one that could be opened "in an automatic way." Thus, the propriety of appellant's conviction under section 908 depends on whether the Commonwealth proved that the knife was an "implement for the infliction of serious bodily injury which serve[d] no common lawful purpose." Appellant argues that the knife was of a type used for hunting, fishing, and other common lawful purposes. The Commonwealth argues, and the court below adopted the view, that the knife was not used under circumstances indicating that it served a common lawful purpose; waving the knife in the crowded barroom, according to the Commonwealth and the court below, was not a common lawful purpose.
Both the court below and the Commonwealth on this appeal have relied upon this court's decision in Commonwealth v. Gatto, 236 Pa. Super. 92, 344 A.2d 566 (1975), as setting forth a circumstances-of-the-possession test. In Gatto the defendant was arrested for possessing a thirty inch knife during the early morning hours in the downtown area of the city of Scranton. In holding that the possession was ...