filed: January 11, 1980.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
DANIEL J. DIPIETRO, APPELLANT
No. 73 October Term 1979, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Criminal Division, at No. 1143-1349 September Sessions, 1974
Carmen P. Belefonte, Media, for appellant.
Guy A. Messick, Assistant District Attorney, Media, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Spaeth, Stranahan and Sugerman, JJ.*fn*
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 338]
Appellant was tried by a jury and convicted on December 18, 1975 of a series of violations of The Vehicle Code*fn1 involving the possession and sale of twenty-two stolen motor vehicles.*fn2 Post-trial motions were timely filed and ultimately dismissed by comprehensive opinion of the court below, and thereafter, Appellant was sentenced upon all indictments to a term of imprisonment of not less than two years nor more than 59 months, and to a consecutive term of probation of not less than two nor more than five years.
Appellant now appeals from that judgment of sentence and advances six issues for our consideration. We have examined each of the issues so raised and find that only one merits discussion.*fn3
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 339]
Appellant contends that the procedural aspect as set forth in the record mandated a dismissal of the charges against him under the provisions of Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100. We briefly recite the procedural history underlying Appellant's contention.
A written complaint was filed against Appellant on April 10, 1974, alleging the instant violations of The Vehicle Code. Appellant was afforded a preliminary hearing on July 24, 1974, and was bound over for action of the grand jury. Appellant was thereafter indicted by a grand jury on October 17, 1974. As the complaint against Appellant was filed prior to July 1, 1974, Appellant's trial should have commenced no later than 270 days from the date the complaint was filed, or January 4, 1975. Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(a)(1).
On November 7, 1974, the Commonwealth filed an Application to extend the time for commencement of trial, contending that notwithstanding the exercise of due diligence, the Commonwealth was unable to bring Appellant to trial on or before January 4, 1975, the run date, as
". . . There are not sufficient trial dates, judicial manpower, or court room space available to try the case in addition to cases already scheduled for the same time period."
Appellant filed an answer to the Commonwealth's Application for an extension, denying the material allegations thereof and opposing any extension beyond the 270-day period mandated by Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(a)(1).
On November 22, 1974, the lower court without holding a hearing on the Commonwealth's Application, granted the
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 340]
Commonwealth an extension until April 4, 1975, some ninety days beyond the run date.*fn4
Appellant now contends that the court below committed error by granting the Commonwealth an extension of time pursuant to Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(c) without first holding an evidentiary hearing upon the Commonwealth's Application. We agree and find dispositive our earlier comments on the subject in Commonwealth v. Barrall, 256 Pa. Super. 478, 390 A.2d 203 (1978).
In Barrall, as here, the Commonwealth filed an Application to extend under Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(c), contending that although it had exercised due diligence, it lacked sufficient time to subpoena witnesses. The Defendant filed an answer to the Commonwealth's Application denying the assertion that the Commonwealth exercised due diligence. Although the lower court apparently convened a "hearing" on the Application, no testimony was presented, no transcript or other record of the proceedings was made, and the lower court disposed of the matter upon the Commonwealth's Application, the Defendant's answer and an unrecorded "brief dialogue before the court," Id., 256 Pa. Super. at 481, 390 A.2d at 204.
Remanding the case for an evidentiary hearing on the question of due diligence, we said pertinently:
". . . the Commonwealth must demonstrate, with proof, that it moved forward with due diligence . . . And it is an undoubted requirement that a hearing be held . . ." Id., 256 Pa. Super. at 481-82, 390 A.2d at 204, 205 (Emphasis added).
In the same case, we also added:
". . . [T]he problem which we perceive in the instant case is a deficiency in the record. The reason stated by the Commonwealth -- inability to subpoena witnesses -- may be a valid cause for extension . . . But in this case the record contains no notes of testimony of a hearing
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 341]
at which evidence may have been adduced . . . Thus we are precluded from assessing the Commonwealth's proof. Mere assertions of due diligence, and unproven facts, do not establish cause for extension under Rule 1100(c)." Id., 256 Pa. Super. at 482, 390 A.2d at 205 (Emphasis added).
At bar, the lower court, in its opinion, speaking to the subject said:
"An examination of the record in this case reveals that in granting the extension until April 4, 1975, Bloom, J. properly determined that there was no lack of diligence on the part of the District Attorney, properly determined that the trial could not be scheduled before January 4, 1975 because of lack of judicial manpower and court room space to try this case in addition to cases already scheduled for trial." Appellant's brief at 16a (Emphasis in original).
Unfortunately, however, the record contains no such revelations, and we are unable to determine whether the Commonwealth's assertions and the lower court's findings have factual underpinnings, as there is no record to which we may turn.*fn5
The Commonwealth, in its brief filed here, recognizes the deficiency apparent to us, but argues that inasmuch as the extension at bar was granted prior to the date of the decision of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in Commonwealth v. Mayfield, 469 Pa. 214, 364 A.2d 1345 (1976), a case holding clearly that an extension may only be granted upon a record showing of due diligence, Id., 469 Pa. at 221, 364 A.2d at 1349, ". . . as long as there was indicia of due diligence . . . the extension was properly granted . . ." as the "requirement of testimony is not strictly enforced in pre- Mayfield cases." Appellee's brief at 12.
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 342]
While it is quite correct to suggest that Mayfield, by its language is prospective only,*fn6 such suggestion does not permit the conclusion that in pre- Mayfield cases, a finding of due diligence may be appropriately made in the absence of a hearing or a record thereof containing the Commonwealth's proofs.
In Commonwealth v. Stabler, 251 Pa. Super. 194, 380 A.2d 444 (1977), the Commonwealth's Application for an extension was filed prior to the date of the decision in Mayfield. The lower court denied the Commonwealth's Application without conducting an evidentiary hearing. We remanded for such a hearing, saying as we did:
"Although we do not require strict record compliance with the Mayfield requirements in cases, such as the instant case, which arise prior to the Mayfield decision, . . . the present record is not sufficient to enable us to determine the validity of the Commonwealth's assertion that the lower court could not timely hear the case because of an overcrowded docket . . ." Id., 251 Pa. Super. at 197, 380 A.2d at 445.
And in Commonwealth v. Barrall, supra, the Commonwealth's Application for an extension was filed and the extension granted prior to the date of the decision in Mayfield. Nevertheless, we said:
[ 274 Pa. Super. Page 343]
". . . If application for extension was filed before October 8, 1976, the date of the Mayfield decision, then the requirement of recorded findings as to extension, and cause therefor, will not be strictly followed. Commonwealth v. Kemp, 245 Pa. Super. 294, 369 A.2d 410 (1976). Thus in this case we would not expect recorded findings. But notwithstanding this lessened requirement here, we Page 343} have before us no means by which we may view the proof offered by the Commonwealth so as to agree or disagree with the lower court's conclusion granting extension." Id., 256 Pa. Super. at 481, 390 A.2d at 204 (Emphasis added).
And see Commonwealth v. Dorsey, 251 Pa. Super. 228, 380 A.2d 461 (1977).
So it is at bar, and we thus remand to the court below for an evidentiary hearing convened in compliance with the notice requirements of Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(c), to determine the merits of the Commonwealth's Application to extend. All testimony adduced at the hearing and the findings of the hearing court shall be transcribed and if the court finds that notwithstanding the exercise of due diligence by the Commonwealth, trial could not be commenced on or before January 4, 1975, the judgment of sentence shall be affirmed. If the hearing court shall find a lack of due diligence by the Commonwealth, then the court shall grant Appellant's Application, dismiss the charges, and discharge Appellant in accordance with Pa.R.Crim.P. 1100(f). Either party may appeal from the action of the court below.
*fn* President Judge John Q. Stranahan of the Court of Common Pleas of Mercer County, Pennsylvania, and Judge Leonard Sugerman of the Court of Common Pleas of Chester County, Pennsylvania, are sitting by designation.