Before Honorable Roy Wilkinson, Jr., Judge Honorable Genevieve Blatt, Judge Honorable David W. Craig, Judge
Respondent (claimant) was awarded compensation by a referee and the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (Board) under The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act (Act)*fn1 for total disability resulting from a work-related coronary incident. Essentially, the present appeal involves a dispute between Great American Insurance Company (Great American), the insurance carrier for the Borough of Rochester (Borough) on December 9, 1975, and Westmoreland
[ 51 Pa. Commw. Page 516]
Casualty Company (Westmoreland Casualty), the insurance carrier for the Borough on April 5, 1977 and a petitioner here.
Claimant was the police chief for the Borough. On December 9, 1975 claimant, investigating a bank robbery while in the course of his employment, experienced severe chest pain and profuse perspiration. From December 9, 1975 to December 22, 1975 claimant was a patient at Rochester Hospital. His treating physicians diagnosed his case as an acute inferior myocardial infarction. Great American, then the Borough's insurance carrier, paid claimant compensation for the period of disability running from December 9, 1975 to September 20, 1976, when claimant resumed his duties as police chief. Since claimant returned to work at wages equal to or greater than his pre-injury wages, he executed a final receipt on September 29, 1976.
Following his return to work, claimant continued under the care of his physicians and took daily medication for his angina. On April 5, 1977, in the course of investigating a house burglary, claimant experienced sharp chest pains and dizziness after having followed some footprints, climbed the fence, descended into and inspected the basement of an adjacent house, and ascended the steps. Claimant returned to the Borough Building and was taken to Rochester Hospital. The next day he was transferred to Allegheny General Hospital and subsequently underwent heart catheterization, which revealed substantial blockage of claimant's coronary arteries. April 5, 1977 was claimant's last day of work.
In August 1977 claimant filed a Petition to Set Aside Final Receipt against the Borough and Great American and filed a Claim Petition against the Borough and Westmoreland Casualty. All of the examining physicians agreed that the claimant is totally and permanently disabled from performing his work as
[ 51 Pa. Commw. Page 517]
a law enforcement officer or any other occupation involving other than light non-stressful sedentary work. The referee set aside the Final Receipt executed by the claimant; suspended compensation payable by Great American as of September 20, 1976; found that the cardiac incident of April 5, 1977, was the precipitating event for claimant's total disability and was distinct from the 1975 injury; and ordered an award under the Claim Petition. The Board affirmed the referee's order, and the Borough and Westmoreland Casualty appealed to this Court.
The issue before us is whether there was substantial competent evidence for the referee's finding that the claimant suffered a new injury*fn2 on April 5, 1977, rather than a manifestation of pre-existing conditions.
Westmoreland Casualty emphasizes the testimony of both of claimant's treating physicians to the effect that claimant regularly suffered chest pains, that the frequency of the chest pains was increasing prior to the 1977 incident, and that there was no damage to the heart as a result of the 1977 incident. Further, one of those physicians testified that angina is a progressive disease.
However, the two physicians pointedly testified that the chest pains claimant suffered as a result of the events of April 5, 1977, were more severe and persistent than the chest pains claimant had previously ...