No. 826 October Term, 1977, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, Criminal Division, at No. 1015 January Term, 1975
Jack H. Land, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Eric J. Cox, Assistant District Attorney, Norristown, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Cercone, President Judge, and Spaeth and Lipez, JJ.
[ 272 Pa. Super. Page 366]
Appellant takes this appeal from his conviction on September 21, 1976 for the crime of theft by deception.*fn1 Appellant argues, inter alia, that the evidence presented at trial was insufficient to support his conviction. We agree with appellant and, for the reasons set forth below, we reverse.
Briefly stated, the relevant facts of the instant case are as follows. Jack Ott, a salesman for M. & E. Marine Supply Company in Collingswood, New Jersey, received a phone call at his office on January 22, 1975 from a man identifying himself as Tony. Tony offered to sell Ott a number of
[ 272 Pa. Super. Page 367]
"surplus" televisions. Although Ott initially declined the offer, Ott later changed his mind when the majority of the thirty-five employees of Marine Supply told Ott that they were interested in purchasing some of the sets. After Ott took the orders from company employees for the sets and collected from them the cash payments which were required, arrangements were made for Ott to pick up the sets by meeting a man named Bill on January 27, 1975 at 7:00 p. m. in the parking lot of the Howard Johnson Restaurant in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. Accompanied by his friends, Charles Krowicki and Ellis Prentz, Ott showed up at the designated time and place, where a man, who identified himself as Bill, approached the trio. Bill said that Ott was to accompany him to pick up the sets at the warehouse, but that it was unnecessary for either Krowicki or Prentz to come along because there were enough workers scheduled to load the truck. Thereupon, Bill and Ott drove in Ott's truck to the King of Prussia Plaza in Montgomery County. When they arrived at the Plaza, Bill said that all the loading docks at the warehouse were filled so they would have to park in the lot and wait. After Ott parked the truck, Bill asked Ott if he had the money with him. Ott replied affirmatively and turned the envelope containing $5,850.00 in cash over to Bill, who in turn gave Ott a receipt. Bill said that he wanted to take the money to the office and that he would return in a few minutes. Bill left with the $5,850.00, but never returned. No television sets were delivered nor was any of the money recovered.
Ott, Krowicki and Prentz waited more than a week before reporting the incident to the police. (Ott candidly admitted that their initial reluctance to go to the police was due to their fear that they themselves may have committed a crime). On February 11, 1975, Ott and his friends went to the Upper Merion Township Police in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and reported the incident. That same day, they were each separately shown a portfolio of approximately thirty photographs and each selected the photograph of appellant as portraying the man called "Bill." Ott and his
[ 272 Pa. Super. Page 368]
friends then jointly reviewed the portfolio and together they reiterated their identification.
Appellant was not arrested until one year later, on February 19, 1976, and trial commenced on September 21, 1976. At trial, Ott, Krowicki, and Prentz, testified for the Commonwealth. None positively identified appellant as the man who took the money. Instead, each one hesitated, saying that although appellant generally resembled the man named "Bill," they were not sure that appellant was that man since Bill had black hair, not grey like appellant's, and because Bill did not have a mustache, and appellant did. Ott, when asked by defense counsel if he was certain that appellant was the culprit, replied, "At this point I will not ...