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GEORGE INGRAM v. COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA (12/03/79)

decided: December 3, 1979.

GEORGE INGRAM, PETITIONER
v.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW, RESPONDENT



Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in case of In Re: Claim of George Ingram, No. B-166001.

COUNSEL

Howard Wallner, for petitioner.

Gary Marini, Assistant Attorney General, with him Elsa D. Newman, Assistant Attorney General, Richard Wagner, Chief Counsel, and Edward G. Biester, Jr., Attorney General, for respondent.

Judges Mencer, Blatt and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt. Judge Craig dissents.

Author: Blatt

[ 47 Pa. Commw. Page 497]

George Ingram (claimant) appeals here from a decision of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) affirming a referee's denial of benefits under Section 402(e) of the Unemployment Compensation Law,*fn1 which disqualifies individuals discharged for willful misconduct. He argues (1) that the Board's findings are not supported by substantial evidence and (2) that his conduct did not constitute willful misconduct.

The claimant had been employed as a truck driver but was discharged by his employer because he had been involved in three accidents within a five-month period. The Board found that "[a]s a result of the claimant's negligence, which caused these accidents, there was a considerable amount in damages to the employer's property and the property of others involved." The Board also found that he had been warned that continued accidents would result in discipline. These findings are supported by the testimony of the employer's representative, who testified in detail from his personal knowledge as to the circumstances surrounding the accidents and as to the warnings given the claimant. This case is therefore distinguishable from Parke v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 38 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 382, 393 A.2d 62 (1978), where the employer merely offered conclusory statements that the

[ 47 Pa. Commw. Page 498]

    accidents charged to the claimant were "preventable."

As to whether the claimant's behavior rose to the level of willful misconduct, the number of accidents is not determinative, of course, and each case must be decided on its own facts. Schappe v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 38 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 249, 392 A.2d 353 (1978). We believe, however, that the Board reached a proper conclusion because as we said in Coulter v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 16 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 462, 466, 332 A.2d 876, 879 (1975):

A single dereliction or a minor and casual act of negligence or carelessness does not constitute willful misconduct. Rather, it is a series of accidents, attributable to negligence, occurring periodically and with consistent regularity which produce substantial financial loss to the employer which will support the conclusion that an employe is guilty of willful misconduct.

The first chargeable accident here occurred on February 21, 1978, when the claimant ran into the rear end of another vehicle. The employer's representative testified that the road conditions were clear and that in his opinion the claimant did not maintain the proper distance from the other vehicle. Although he testified that he investigated the accident, he admittedly did not see it, but his opinion was reasonably based on his belief that the driver of a vehicle which hits another in the rear is following too closely. While we have rejected establishing a rule that would in effect approve a conclusive presumption of negligence in a rear end collision, ...


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