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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA EX REL. MELANIE CROWTHER v. ANTHONY PAUL WAIDA (11/16/79)

filed: November 16, 1979.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA EX REL. MELANIE CROWTHER,
v.
ANTHONY PAUL WAIDA, JR., APPELLANT



No. 701 April Term, 1978, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Beaver County, Civil Action-Law, No. 105 of 1978.

COUNSEL

Allan E. MacLeod, Pittsburgh, for appellant.

George E. James, Beaver Falls, for appellee.

Price, Hester and Montgomery, JJ.

Author: Hester

[ 272 Pa. Super. Page 74]

Presently before the court is appellant-father's appeal from the lower court's order of February 9, 1978 which provided inter alia : "1. That custody of said minor child, Anthony Waida, III be and it is hereby awarded to and vested in plaintiff-mother, Melanie Crowther."

The instant action was initiated pursuant to the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act, 1977, June 30, P.L. 29, No. 20, 11 P.S. 2301 et seq., eff. July 1, 1977.

Preliminarily we note that appellate review in child custody and habeas corpus cases remains that of the broadest type. Sipe v. Schaeffer, 263 Pa. Super. 27, 396 A.2d 1359 (1979); Scarlett v. Scarlett, 257 Pa. Super. 468, 390 A.2d 1331 (1978); Tobias v. Tobias, 248 Pa. Super. 168, 374 A.2d 1372 (1977), and Commonwealth ex rel. Holschuh v. Holland-Moritz, 448 Pa. 437, 292 A.2d 380 (1972).

To facilitate our review, we require the hearing judge to file in every such case "a comprehensive opinion reflecting a thorough analysis of the record as a whole and specifying the reasons for its ultimate decision." Commonwealth ex rel. Grillo v. Shuster, 226 Pa. Super. 229, 237, 312 A.2d 58, 63 (1973); Bender v. Bender, 261 Pa. Super. 12, 395 A.2d 279 (1978). We require the hearing court to provide us with a "full and complete explanation of the reasons underlying his decision, which reasons should be set forth in a complete, comprehensive opinion." Commonwealth ex rel. Fox v. Fox, 216 Pa. Super. 11, 260 A.2d 470 (1969); Gunter v. Gunter, 240 Pa. Super. 382, 361 A.2d 307 (1976).

[ 272 Pa. Super. Page 75]

Additionally, Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure 1925 provides:

Rule 1925. Opinion in Support of Order.

(a) General rule. -- Upon receipt of the notice of appeal the judge who entered the order appealed from, if the reasons for the order do not already appear of record, shall forthwith file of record at least a brief statement, in the form of an opinion, of the reasons for the order, or for the rulings or other matters complained of, or shall ...


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