Original jurisdiction in case of JoAnne Borosky and Peter Borosky, her husband; Gary Borosky, a minor, by his parents and guardians, Peter Borosky and JoAnne Borosky, his wife; and Peter Borosky and JoAnne Borosky, his wife, parents of said minor, in their own rights v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Daniel M. Berger, with him Berger, Kapetan, Malakoff & Meyers, for plaintiffs.
Walter F. Froh, Assistant Attorney General, with him John L. Sweezy, Chief Attorney of Unit, Theodore A. Adler, Chief Counsel of Department, and Edward G. Biester, Jr., Attorney General for defendant.
President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Wilkinson, Jr., Mencer, Rogers, Blatt, DiSalle, Craig and MacPhail. Opinion by Judge Craig. Judge Crumlish, Jr. dissents. Dissenting Opinion by Judge DiSalle.
[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 253]
This action involves a complaint in trespass against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as sole defendant, brought by plaintiffs Joanne Borosky, Peter Borosky her husband and Gary Borosky their minor son. The complaint essentially avers liability of the Commonwealth to plaintiffs by reason of alleged tortious actions of three state police officers who, pursuant to an information filed by a third party against Peter Borosky for simple assault, appeared at plaintiffs' motel and there abused plaintiffs and falsely arrested them upon charges of resisting arrest, charges not ultimately sustained. The liability of the Commonwealth for the conduct of the state police officers is based upon claims of tort and of violation of the First, Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution, Sections 7, 8, 9 and 14 of Article I of the Pennsylvania Constitution, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983, 1985(2), 1985(3) and 18 Pa. C.S. § 5301.
We are presented with the question of whether or not the Commonwealth is immune from suit upon the causes of action averred.
According to the complaint, the cause of action first arose June 23, 1977. Thereafter Mayle v. Pennsylvania Department of Highways, 479 Pa. 384, 388 A.2d 709 (1978) judicially abrogated the doctrine of sovereign immunity in Pennsylvania, but the Act of September 28, 1978, P.L. 788, Act No. 152-1978 (Act 152) amended the Judicial Code to reinstate the defense of sovereign immunity, with the exception of eight instances of claims. 42 Pa. C.S. § 5110(a).
[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 254]
We have decided that the retroactive restoration of sovereign immunity by Section 5(b)(1) of Act 152 is constitutional. Brungard v. Hartman, 46 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 10, 405 A.2d 1089 (1979).
Accordingly, the restored doctrine of sovereign immunity bars this action against the Commonwealth unless the state of facts pleaded by the complaint falls within one of the eight exceptions of 42 Pa. C.S. § 5110(a).
Because those exceptions pertain only to liability arising from the Commonwealth's vehicles, medical-professional activities, personal property, real estate, potholes and other dangerous highway conditions, animals, liquor store sales and national guard activities, it is clear that the state police ...