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decided: September 19, 1979.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Eloise W. Ehret, No. 76-4961.


Harold H. Cramer, Assistant Attorney General, with him John K. Kraybill, Assistant Attorney General, Robert W. Cunliffe, Deputy Attorney General, and Gerald Gornish, Acting Attorney General, for appellant.

W. Horace Hepburn, with him Duryea, Larzelere & Hepburn, for appellee.

Judges Crumlish, Jr., Blatt and DiSalle, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.

Author: Blatt

[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 132]

The Department of Transportation (Department) appeals here from a decision of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County which overturned the Department's suspension of Eloise W. Ehret's (appellee) motor vehicle operator's license.

By letter dated December 8, 1975, the appellee was directed to appear for a Special Operator's examination and to have a General Medical Form and Certificate of Visual Efficiency completed by her physicians. Pursuant to the Department's regulations*fn1 and because of the Certificate of Visual Efficiency

[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 133]

    submitted by the appellee's doctor, the Department suspended her driving privileges, noting that her vision was found to be "not compatible with the safe operation of a motor vehicle." Notice of the suspension, as authorized by Section 618(a)(1) of The Vehicle Code*fn2 (Code) 75 P.S. § 618(a)(1), was sent to the appellee on February 9, 1976 to be effective on March 15, 1976. The appellee filed an appeal with the common pleas court on April 20, 1976, and after a hearing that court entered an order on October 18, 1977, reversing the action of the Department and reinstating the appellee's operator's license on the ground that the Department's regulations with respect to visual competency were arbitrary.

Two issues are raised here: (1) whether or not the appellee's appeal to the lower court was timely under Section 620 of the Code, 75 P.S. § 620; and (2) whether or not the lower court was correct in finding the Department's regulations to be arbitrary. We will not reach the second issue because we conclude that the appeal to the lower court was not timely and, therefore, that the court was without jurisdiction to reverse the Department's order.

At the time here in question, Section 620 of the Code provided in pertinent part:

Any person whose operator's license or learner's permit has been suspended, or who

[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 134]

    has been deprived of the privilege for an operator's license or learner's permit under the provisions of this act shall have the right to file a petition, within thirty (30) days thereafter, for a hearing in the matter in the court of common pleas of the county in which the operator or permittee resides. . . .

75 P.S. § 620.

Although the issue of timeliness was not raised before the court below, the timeliness of an appeal goes to the jurisdiction of the court to which an appeal is taken and to its competency to act. Duggan v. Environmental Hearing Board, 13 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 339, 321 A.2d 392 (1974). Moreover an objection to the lack of subject matter jurisdiction can never be waived; it may be raised at any stage of a case, even on the appellate level, by the parties or by a court on its own motion. Commonwealth v. Little, 455 Pa. 163, 314 A.2d 270 (1974). The issue of timeliness as to the appeal to the lower court, therefore, is properly before this Court despite the fact that it was not raised until this appeal.

It is undisputed that the appellee filed her appeal more than 30 days after the suspension notice was mailed to her, the date which triggers the running of the appeal time.*fn3 She argues, however, that the suspension was of a continuing nature because it provided that it was effective "until sufficient proof of

[ 46 Pa. Commw. Page 135]

    competency" is established, and she claims therefore that she had a continuing right to appeal the determination without regard to the statutory 30-day limit. We cannot agree. The notice sent to her clearly stated that she had a right to appeal the determination within 30 days. The notice also stated that, if in the opinion of her physician her condition improved, consideration for the reinstatement of the license would be given upon application to the Department. Contrary to her argument that this notice provided her with an indefinite period of time to appeal, we believe that it provided her with only two choices: she could either (1) appeal the suspension within 30 days or (2) make an application for reinstatement alleging that in the opinion of her physician her condition had improved. Instead of properly pursuing either of these alternatives, however, she filed an appeal after the 30-day time limit had expired, and then attempted to show that her condition had improved.

Because her failure to take an appeal within the required 30 days deprived the lower court of jurisdiction to entertain it, we must reverse that order and reinstate the Department's suspension of the appellee's operating privileges.


And Now, this 19th day of September, 1979, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County in the above-captioned matter is hereby reversed, and the order of the Department of Transportation suspending the operating privileges of Eloise Ehret is hereby reinstated.


Reversed. Suspension order reinstated.

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