filed: September 14, 1979.
WILLIAM HARRY SIMON, ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF JAMES JUDE SIMON, DECEASED, AND WILLIAM HARRY SIMON, IN HIS OWN RIGHT, APPELLANT,
PAUL SHIRLEY, LARRY WOLFREY AND ROBERT WHELAN, JR., INDIVIDUALLY AND TRADING AS FRONTIER SALOON. JOAN POWERS, APPELLANT, V. PAUL SHIRLEY AND LARRY WOLFREY, DEFENDANTS AND JOSEPH KEENAN, INDIVIDUALLY AND T/A JOSEPH KEENAN, JR., INC. AND FRONTIER SALOON AND WILLIAM HARRY SIMON, ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF JAMES JUDE SIMON, DECEASED, ADDITIONAL DEFENDANTS. JOHN CURLETT, JR., APPELLANT, V. PAUL SHIRLEY, LARRY WOLFREY AND ROBERT WHELAN, JR., INDIVIDUALLY AND TRADING AS FRONTIER SALOON. MARYANNE LAMBERTO, APPELLANT, V. PAUL SHIRLEY, LARRY WOLFREY AND JOSEPH KEENAN, JR., INDIVIDUALLY AND TRADING AS FRONTIER SALOON AND WILLIAM HARRY SIMON, ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF JAMES JUDE SIMON, DECEASED
No. 1662 October Term, 1978, No. 1767 October Term, 1978, No. 1768 October Term, 1978, No. 1793 October Term, 1978, Appeals from Judgments of Sentence in the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County, Civil Action - Law, at Nos. 74-10210, 75-3708, 75-222 and 75-11632.
Harris T. Bock, Philadelphia, for appellant Simon at No. 1662.
Paul D. Nelson, Media, submitted for appellant Powers at No. 1767.
Bernard Edelson, Philadelphia, submitted for appellant Curlett at No. 1768.
Abraham Golden, Philadelphia, submitted for appellant Lamberto at No. 1793.
Bernard P. Carey, Upper Darby, for appellees Joseph Keenan, Jr., ind. and t/a Frontier Saloon.
Cercone, Hester and Hoffman, JJ. Hoffman, J., concurs in the result.
[ 269 Pa. Super. Page 365]
On the evening of June 28, 1974, Paul Shirley and several other young people attended a birthday party at a private residence where they consumed an unknown quantity of
[ 269 Pa. Super. Page 366]
beer. Sometime after midnight, Shirley and several others left the party and drove to the Frontier Saloon in Shirley's automobile. At the Frontier they were served and consumed additional alcoholic beverages notwithstanding the fact that Shirley was a minor.*fn1 At approximately 2:00 A.M., the celebrants departed the Frontier Saloon in Shirley's automobile. Less than an hour later, the Shirley vehicle was involved in a fatal head-on collision with an automobile being driven by James Jude Simon. As a result of this accident, Mr. Simon was killed and passengers in both vehicles sustained injuries.
Separate lawsuits were thereafter instituted by the Estate of Mr. Simon and the various passengers against several defendants including the Frontier Saloon. The action against Frontier was predicated upon its sale of intoxicants to the minor Shirley. Although a blood test taken after the accident showed Shirley's blood alcohol content to be four one hundredths of one per cent higher than the level giving rise to a statutory presumption of intoxication,*fn2 all parties concede that there is no evidence that Shirley was visibly intoxicated when he consumed the alcoholic beverages at the Frontier Saloon. Based upon Section 4-497 of the Liquor Code,*fn3 the lower court granted Frontier's motion for summary judgment and this appeal followed.
Appellants' theory of liability is bottomed upon the Frontier Saloon's admitted violation of Section 4-493(1) of the Liquor Code, 47 P.S. § 4-493(1). That section declares it unlawful:
"(1) For any licensee or the board, or any employe, servant or agent of such licensee or of the board, or any other person, to sell, furnish or give any liquor or malt or brewed beverages, or to permit any liquor or
[ 269 Pa. Super. Page 367]
malt or brewed beverages to be sold, furnished or given, to any person visibly intoxicated, or to any insane person, or to any minor, or to habitual drunkards, or persons of known intemperate habits."
In Jardine v. Upper Darby Lodge No. 1973, 413 Pa. 626, 198 A.2d 550 (1964), the Court held that a licensee who violated*fn4 the above section was liable to third parties injured off the premises. Thus, appellants argue that since Shirley was a minor, Section 4-493 was violated and this, by itself, is sufficient to give rise to a civil cause of action against Frontier. We are constrained to disagree.
In 1965, well after the adoption of Section 4-493 and subsequent to the decisions upon which appellants rely, Section 4-497 was added to the Liquor Code. Titled "Liability of licensees" Section 4-497 provides:
"No licensee shall be liable to third persons on account of damages inflicted upon them off of the licensed premises by customers of the licensee unless the customer who inflicts the damages was sold, furnished or given liquor or malt or brewed beverages by the said licensee or his agent, servant or employe when the said customer was visibly intoxicated." (Emphasis added.) 47 P.S. § 4-497.
The clear and unambiguous language of Section 4-497 makes it apparent the General Assembly has chosen to condition a licensee's civil liability to third persons*fn5 who are injured off the premises by a customer of the licensee upon a showing that the customer was visibly intoxicated when served. Instantly, since it is conceded that there is no evidence that the minor Shirley was served while visibly
[ 269 Pa. Super. Page 368]
intoxicated, the lower court properly granted summary judgment in favor of the Frontier Saloon.