Nos. 1752 and 1776 October Term, 1978, Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Action - Law, of Luzerne County, at No. 1766 of 1975.
William Francis Anzalone, Wilkes-Barre, for appellant, Morning Pride Mfg. Co., at No. 1752, and appellee at No. 1776.
B. Todd Maguire, Wilkes-Barre, for appellant Hahn Motors, Inc., at No. 1776, and appellee at No. 1752.
Joseph J. Ustynoski, Hazleton, submitted a brief on behalf of appellees Thompson.
Cercone, President Judge, and Watkins and Hoffman, JJ.
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Appellants contend that the lower court abused its discretion in opening judgments of non pros entered against plaintiffs. We agree and, accordingly, reverse the order of the lower court and reinstate the judgments of non pros.
Plaintiff Frank Thompson, a volunteer fireman, allegedly sustained certain injuries because of a defect in a protective
[ 269 Pa. Super. Page 273]
fire-fighting coat manufactured by appellant Morning Pride Manufacturing Co. and sold by appellant Hahn Motors, Inc. Plaintiffs instituted this action by writ of summons on March 11, 1975. Plaintiffs delayed filing a complaint in the matter, and accordingly, on April 3 and 4, 1975, appellants individually obtained rules on plaintiffs to file a complaint within twenty days or suffer judgments of non pros. Although each appellant individually granted plaintiffs liberal extensions in which to file their complaint, plaintiffs still delayed filing. Accordingly, appellants individually obtained judgments of non pros against plaintiffs on July 15, 1975, and November 26, 1975.*fn1 On December 1, 1975, plaintiffs finally filed their complaint in this action. Appellants followed with preliminary objections in the nature of motions to strike because of the judgments of non pros. On October 4, 1976, after hearing, the lower court held the motions in abeyance in order to afford plaintiffs an opportunity to proceed by petition and rule to open the judgment. Plaintiffs waited until June 28, 1977, to file their petition to open the judgments of non pros. After further delays for the taking of depositions, the lower court ordered on May 25, 1978, that the judgments of non pros be opened. This appeal followed.
"'A request to open a judgment of non pros is by way of grace and not of right. Its grant or refusal is peculiarly a matter for the lower court's discretion. An appellate court may not reverse the lower court's ruling unless an abuse of discretion is clearly evident.'" Goldstein v. Graduate Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 441 Pa. 179, 182, 272 A.2d 472, 474 (1971), quoting from Mazer v. Sargent Electric Co., 407 Pa. 169, 171, 180 A.2d 63, 64 (1962). The criteria for opening a judgment of non pros are: "(1) the petition should be timely filed; (2) the reason for the default reasonably explained or excused, and (3) the facts constituting grounds for a cause of action be alleged." Goldstein, supra 441 Pa.
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at 182, 272 A.2d at 473-74; Thorn v. Clearfield Borough, 420 Pa. 584, 586, 218 A.2d 298, 299 (1966); Kennedy v. Board of Supervisors of Warminster Township, 243 Pa. Super. 46, 52, 364 A.2d 442, 445 (1976). Each one of these requirements must be satisfied in order for the opening of a judgment of non pros to be a proper exercise of lower court discretion. See, e. g., Goldstein, supra 441 Pa. at 182, 272 A.2d at 474 (failure to reasonably explain delay in filing complaint rendered opening of judgment of non pros an abuse of discretion) and Boyles v. Sullivan, 230 Pa. Super. 453, 455, 326 A.2d 440, 442 (1974) (failure to timely file petition to open judgment of non pros "alone is sufficient to justify the lower court's refusal to open the judgment."). With regard to timeliness of filing of the petition to open, we held in Kennedy v. Board of Supervisors of Warminster Township, supra, that a petition filed eight months after ...