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decided: September 6, 1979.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County in case of Port Authority of Allegheny County v. Division 85, Amalgamated Transit Union; Wade L. Welsh, President; James F. McCarthy, Business Agent; John A. Remark, Financial Secretary; Joseph P. Manse, Jr., Recording Secretary; Jeffrey Daniels, Executive Board Member; Joseph Bartlett, Assistant Executive Board Member, No. G.D. 78-9805; and Division 85 of the Amalgamated Transit Union, AFL-CIO, and James McCarthy, Business Agent and Trustee ad litem v. Port Authority of Allegheny County, No. G.D. 78-9804.


John F. Dugan, with him Alan A. Garfinkel, Vasilis C. Katsafanas, and Berkman, Ruslander, Pohl, Lieber & Engel, for appellant.

Joseph Pass, Jr., with him Jubelirer, Pass & Intrieri, P.C., for appellees.

President Judge Bowman and Judges Crumlish, Jr., Mencer, Blatt, DiSalle, Craig and MacPhail. Judges Wilkinson, Jr. and Rogers did not participate. Opinion by President Judge Bowman.

Author: Bowman

[ 45 Pa. Commw. Page 465]

This is an appeal as of right from an interlocutory order of the lower court*fn1 granting a preliminary injunction in consolidated equity proceedings below which granted, in part, relief sought by the Port Authority of Allegheny County (PAT) in its cause against Division 85, Amalgamated Transit Union et al. (Division 85) and granted the relief sought by Division 85 in its cause against PAT.

The labor dispute which was the genesis of the causes each party asserted against the other in the court below arose out of a management directed passenger route deviation asserted by PAT to be within management perogative but which Division 85 asserted to have been violative of the collective bargaining contract (contract). Both parties, however, acknowledge that the dispute is within the grievance and arbitration procedures of the contract and will be resolved

[ 45 Pa. Commw. Page 466]

    by this procedure. Nonetheless, Division 85, engaged in a nine-day strike violative of the contract over an acknowledged arbitrable issue. This strike inspired PAT to seek its termination by injunctive relief which action in turn inspired Division 85 to seek a "status quo" injunction against PAT pending resolution of the underlying dispute through arbitration.

After hearing on the consolidated proceedings initiated by each party against the other, the lower court in a single order granted PAT's request for injunctive relief against the illegal strike,*fn2 and also enjoined PAT from making any changes in the passenger route in controversy*fn3 pending resolution through grievance and arbitration procedure. PAT has appealed the order as directed against it. The order also directed that "[b]ond is set in the amount of $1,000.00." Neither party ever posted the required bond, and both parties acknowledge that the passenger route deviation change initiated by management and asserted by the union to have been violative of the contract has since been resolved by agreement obviating the need for its resolution by arbitration under the contract.

After the instant appeal was taken Division 85 moved to quash or dismiss the appeal for the reasons that (1) subsequent events have mooted it and (2) as no bonds were filed by either party to the consolidated proceedings below, the preliminary injunction in favor of Division 85 has never been legally effective. PAT, nevertheless, would have us decide the merits of the appeal, even though technically moot, because it is one of recurring nature, capable of repeatedly avoiding review and involving an issue of important public interest.

[ 45 Pa. Commw. Page 467]

To emphasize that we should apply the exception and decide the substantive issue on appeal, PAT, by affidavit and in its brief, represents that Division 85 in the past and even recently has employed the "status quo" injunctive relief concept in other labor disputes with PAT as to matters which are acknowledged to be subject to the grievance and arbitration procedure under the contract. Insisting that in this case and in other instances the lower court has erred as a matter of law in issuing such "status quo" injunction, we are asked to pass upon the substantive issue so raised by this appeal.

In an appeal involving these same parties we have heretofore applied the exception to the rule that a mooted issue will not be decided. Port Authority v. Division 85, Amalgamated Transit Union, 34 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 71, 383 A.2d 954 (1978). We were particularly persuaded to do so in that appeal because the labor dispute involved conflicting views of the proper interpretation of the controlling statute*fn4 directed to the collective bargaining process.

In this appeal, however, we are not so persuaded as our review of the uncontested facts surrounding PAT's initial management directive for a passenger route deviation and subsequent developments leading to the illegal strike and cross-actions in the court below producing, in effect, cross-injunctions, is factually unusual, if not unique, and does not afford a solid foundation upon which to decide the merits of the lower court's "status quo" injunction in a mooted case.

If further reason is needed to grant appellee's motion we would note that the failure of Division 85 to post the required bond with respect to that portion of

[ 45 Pa. Commw. Page 468]

    the lower court order affording it preliminary injunctive relief produces the legal effect of such injunctive relief never having become operative. Pa. R.C.P. No. 1531(b). Rosenzweig v. Factor, 457 Pa. 492, 327 A.2d 36 (1974).*fn5

If, as PAT has submitted, the lower court has issued another "status quo" injunction in favor of Division 85 in another labor dispute in a matter subject to the grievance and arbitration procedure under the contract,*fn6 we shall, of course, consider the advisability of deciding the substantive merits of such action even though it may be technically moot before resolution.

For the foregoing reasons we shall dismiss this appeal.


Now, September 6, 1979, the above appeal is hereby dismissed. Each party to bear their own costs.


Appeal dismissed.

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