decided: August 3, 1979.
JOHN COOK, PETITIONER
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION APPEAL BOARD, CROWN CORK AND SEAL CO., INC. AND INSURANCE CO. OF NORTH AMERICA, RESPONDENTS
Appeal from the Order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board in case of John Cook v. Crown Cork & Seal Co., Inc., No. A-75324.
Joseph S. Bekelja, with him Frank, Margolis, Edelstein & Scherlis, for appellant.
Martin J. Fallon, Jr., with him Swartz, Campbell & Detweiler, for appellees.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Rogers and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr.
[ 44 Pa. Commw. Page 570]
John Cook appeals an order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board (WCAB) which affirmed a referee's dismissal of his petition for modification of an award.
Our review of the modification petition and record supports WCAB's conclusion that Cook's petition is an inappropriate vehicle for the relitigation of a prior, unappealed decision and order. Where, as here, Claimant raises substantive legal objections to the referee's finding of the length of disability, reasonableness of the contest, and computation of compensation and expenses, his proper recourse is to appeal the referee's decision to WCAB.
On September 7, 1977, Cook was awarded benefits for a seven-week period for a work-related disability. The referee also assessed medical expenses in the amount of $2,447.60, finding a reasonable basis for the employer's, Crown Cork and Seal Company's, contest
[ 44 Pa. Commw. Page 571]
of liability. He also awarded Cook's counsel a 20% fee, to be paid from Cook's award.
Crown Cork and Seal's appeal to WCAB was withdrawn. Alleging the same errors he now asserts in his petition for modification, Cook attempted to appeal nunc pro tunc on November 1, 1977, 56 days after notification of the referee's decision. Cook's appeal was quashed as untimely because the twenty-day statutory period for appeals had expired. See Section 423 of The Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensation Act (Act),*fn1 77 P.S. § 853.
Although we have held that an agency may, on its own motion, correct typographical or clerical errors in its findings and orders, which are not in dispute; Cohen v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 33 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 349, 381 A.2d 1330 (1978); Kentucky Fried Chicken of Altoona, Inc. v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 90, 309 A.2d 165 (1973), the substance of "petitions for modification" are examined to insure they are not in reality a ploy to circumvent the statutory procedures.
In Fox v. Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board, 33 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 575, 382 A.2d 494 (1978), a claimant who had withdrawn his claim petition when his employer paid his medical bills attempted to revitalize his claim by filing a petition for modification. There we ruled that the petition to modify a nonextant award was in essence a claim petition and bound by the Act's filing requirement. Similarly, in Unger v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp., 12 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 264, 315 A.2d 909 (1974), a petition for modification that was filed by a claimant who had signed a final receipt was held to be barred by the two-year statute of limitations for petitions to set aside final receipts.
[ 44 Pa. Commw. Page 572]
In the disputed petition, Cook alleges the following errors by the referee: (1) he improperly calculated Cook's medical expenses by omitting $9.00 which Cook had paid to Albert Einstein Medical Center; (2) Cook's period of disability was not seven weeks, as the referee found, but nine weeks and one day; (3) the referee failed to include overtime pay when computing Cook's average weekly wages; (4) Cook did not have an opportunity to press his claim for attorney fees; and (5) the decision neglected to find Cook's incurred attorney fees.
We find that Cook is attempting to raise substantive legal objections to the referee's decision in his petition. We will not permit claimants to defeat the orderly appeal process provided by Section 423 by allowing petitions for modification to serve as substitutes for timely appeals.
And Now, this 3rd day of August, 1979, the order of the Workmen's Compensation Appeal Board dated November 2, 1978, dismissing John Cook's petition for modification is affirmed.