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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. HOWARD TUCKER (06/22/79)

decided: June 22, 1979.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
v.
HOWARD TUCKER, APPELLANT



No. 24 Special Transfer Docket, No. 25 Special Transfer Docket, Appeal from Judgments of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Trial Division, Criminal Section, Nos. 551-553 of September Term, 1976.

COUNSEL

Gerald A. Stein, Philadelphia, for appellant.

Robert B. Lawler, Assistant District Attorney, Chief, Appeals Division, Philadelphia, for Commonwealth, appellee.

Cercone, President Judge, and Roberts and Lipez, JJ.*fn*

Author: Cercone

[ 267 Pa. Super. Page 244]

At a jury trial in the Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia County, appellant, Howard Tucker, was convicted of murder

[ 267 Pa. Super. Page 245]

    in the first degree, murder in the third degree and weapons offenses in connection with the stabbing deaths of Alphonso Salsbury and Dora Perkins. Appellant's post-trial motions were denied and he was sentenced to life imprisonment on the first degree murder conviction to be followed by a consecutive six to twenty year term of imprisonment on third degree murder. Sentence on the weapons offense was suspended. We affirm the judgments of sentence.

In viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the Commonwealth, the facts reveal that appellant had been drinking with Alphonso Salsbury the afternoon of the murders. Salsbury was living with a woman who was appellant's former girlfriend. A fight arose over the woman. Appellant pulled a knife and stabbed Dora Perkins when she attempted to intercede. Appellant then stabbed Salsbury.

Appellant raises three issues for our review: first, whether the lower court erred in denying appellant's motion to suppress his confession; second, whether the Commonwealth's evidence was sufficient to convict appellant of murder in the first degree; and third, whether the lower court erred in not sustaining appellant's challenges for cause for several prospective jurors.

In addressing the first issue, appellant argues that he was so intoxicated at the time the statement was given to the police that he could not have voluntarily waived his Miranda rights. Despite the fact that the lower court considered the issue in its opinion, we find that appellant did not include this in his written post-trial motion nor did he brief the issue before the post-verdict court. He merely argued the issue orally. Due to his failure to include the issue in his written post-trial motions, we consider the issue waived and do not reach the merits. Pa.R.Crim.P. 1123(a); Commonwealth v. Hagans, 483 Pa. 415, 397 A.2d 412 (1979); Commonwealth v. Waters, 477 Pa. 430, 384 A.2d 234 (1978); Commonwealth v. Blair, 460 Pa. 31, 331 A.2d 213 (1975).

Appellant's second contention is that due to his intoxication, the evidence presented was ...


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