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ANTHONY PUSHNIK AND JEROME PUSHNIK v. HEMPFIELD TOWNSHIP (06/11/79)

decided: June 11, 1979.

ANTHONY PUSHNIK AND JEROME PUSHNIK, APPELLANTS
v.
HEMPFIELD TOWNSHIP, A MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Westmoreland County in case of Hempfield Township, a municipal corporation v. Anthony Pushnik and Jerome Pushnik, No. 1290 of 1976.

COUNSEL

George A. Conti, Jr., for appellants.

Thomas J. Godlewski, for appellee.

Judges Wilkinson, Jr., DiSalle and MacPhail, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Wilkinson, Jr.

Author: Wilkinson

[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 333]

The Pushnik brothers (appellants) are appealing an order by the Westmoreland County Court of Common Pleas requiring them to clean up their property and remove all junk, debris, automobile parts, equipment parts, building materials, used machinery and unlicensed and inoperable vehicles. The order expressly permits appellants to continue to use the property for their construction business. We affirm.

Appellants have owned nine and one-half acres in Hempfield Township (Township) in Westmoreland County since 1946. The land was used variously throughout the years; from 1964 through 1966 it was a licensed junkyard. By 1969 it was no longer a licensed junkyard and it became the base for a septic tank, excavating, sewer and water line business. It is this business which the court order permits to continue.

On January 5, 1970 the Township passed zoning regulations which defined a junkyard as, "[a]ny place within the township where junk as herein defined is

[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 334]

    stored, disposed of, accumulated or maintained. Any premises having one (1) or more used, unlicensed and inoperable automobiles or other vehicles thereon shall in any event be deemed a 'junkyard'. . . ." Hempfield Township Code (Code), Section 52-1, and required a license for being a junkyard dealer (See Sections 52-2 of the Code).

Junkyards are only allowed in I-2 or Heavy Industrial zones. Appellants' land is zoned partially residential and partially agricultural.

In April 1976 the Township Ordinance Officer made an inspection of appellants' property and found that it fit the Township's definition of a junkyard. Since appellants' property was not in an area in which zoning allows junkyards, the Township notified appellants to clean up their property within ten days. Appellants applied for a junkyard license which was, of course, denied because they are not in an I-2 district. Appellee asked the court of common pleas for an injunction to mandate a cleanup and the court so ordered on March 18, 1978. Exceptions were filed and were dismissed by the court en banc on April 17, 1978. This appeal followed.

Appellant argues that the Township has no power to ask for an abatement of a nuisance because it has no ordinance which defines nuisance. This is simply not the law. Under Section 702 of The Second Class Township Code, Act of May 1, 1933, P.L. ...


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