Appeal from the Order of the Secretary of Education in case of James T. Black v. Wyalusing Area School District, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, No. 287.
Priscilla M. Walrath, with her Thomas A. Walrath; Walrath and Coolidge; William A. Hebe ; and Spencer, Gleason & Hebe, for petitioner.
James A. Pruyne, with him A. B. Duvall, and Duvall, Reuter & Pruyne, for respondent.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Blatt and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Blatt.
[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 201]
James Black (petitioner) has appealed to this Court from an order of the Secretary of Education (Secretary) upholding his demotion from elementary school principal to fifth-grade teacher by the Board of School Directors of the Wyalusing Area School District (Board). He contends (1) that the Board erred in concluding that he had not been demoted and (2) that the action of the Board was arbitrary and capricious.
This matter was previously before us in Black v. Wyalusing Area School District, 27 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 176, 365 A.2d 1352 (1976), where we affirmed the Secretary's determination that the petitioner had been demoted when his position was abolished and he was reassigned. Inasmuch as he had not received a hearing, we held that the demotion was void and that he was therefore entitled to reinstatement. The Board subsequently held a hearing and made findings and conclusions from which the petitioner now
[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 202]
appeals, and, among the conclusions made was one which held that the abolition of the petitioner's position did not result in his demotion. This conclusion is clearly erroneous because the issue of whether or not the petitioner had been demoted was rendered res judicata by our previous decision. The only matter properly before the Board, therefore, was the adequacy of the reasons for the demotion. So we need not discuss this conclusion further.
As to whether the Board's action in demoting the petitioner was arbitrary or capricious, we agree with the Secretary that it was not. In Lucostic v. Brownsville Area School District, 6 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 587, 297 A.2d 516 (1972), we summarized the law in connection with a professional employee's demotion as follows:
(1) A Board of School Directors may demote a professional employe in position or salary or both without his or her consent . . . ; (2) the action of the Board is presumptively valid . . . ; and (3) the demoted employe contesting the Board's action has the burden of proving it to be arbitrary, discriminatory or founded upon improper considerations. . . . (Citations omitted.)
6 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. at 590-91, 297 A.2d at 518.
The testimony before the Board in the instant case established that the school district administrators desired to reorganize and upgrade the administration of their elementary schools in order to correct deficiencies in the coordination and preparation of their programs. Pursuant to this objective, they created the position of assistant superintendent of elementary education and abolished the petitioner's position of elementary school principal. The ...