decided: June 4, 1979.
ARMSTRONG COUNTY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, PETITIONER
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE, RESPONDENT
Appeal from the Order of the Department of Public Welfare in case of Appeal of Armstrong County Memorial Hospital, dated March 2, 1978.
B. Albert Bertocchi, with him McCue, Bertocchi and Heim, for appellant.
Betty F. Perry, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.
Judges Crumlish, Jr., Blatt and Craig, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Crumlish, Jr.
[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 204]
The Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare (DPW) denied reimbursement to Armstrong County Memorial Hospital (Appellant) by sustaining a hearing examiner's affirmance of a determination by the Utilization Review Division of DPW (URD) that care rendered to a patient was medically unnecessary and therefore non-compensable.*fn1 We affirm the Department.
Is it an abuse of discretion to deny reimbursement to an acute care hospital for a period in which the patient no longer required acute care but was in need of a lesser level of care which could be provided by an available foster home but where delay in transfer resulted from family pressure?
The patient was admitted acutely ill on March 7, 1977, after suffering a stroke. By March 31, 1977, her
[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 205]
condition had improved and discharge, effective on that date, was ordered by her attending physician. However, since the patient lived alone, it was deemed advisable to provide her with a lesser level of care.
Appellant, aware that funding would be unavailable subsequent to the discharge date and realizing that patient could not care for herself, began early discharge planning prior to March 31, 1977. The patient lived alone and her family refused to cooperate with hospital plans to transfer the patient to an available foster home. They were unwilling to advance the necessary cost of transfer to the patient in spite of the fact that the patient's social security and disability income was sent directly to the family. The family desired that the hospital continue to provide care until a rehabilitation center was available. No rehabilitation center was available for five to six weeks. Appellant continually informed the patient's family that they would be liable for expenses. The family refused to cooperate in the transfer.
Appellant eventually applied to the Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation which provided the financial assistance. This option to apply to the Bureau for the advance cost of one month's salary at the foster home was continually open to Appellant. Appellant delayed transfer over a month after medical discharge resulting in a cost overrun of some $4,000.00. The hospital room was $134.00 a day while the foster home was $250.00 per month. The patient remained in the hospital for 34 days subsequent to medical discharge.
Appellant cites Department of Public Welfare v. Temple University, 21 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 162, 343 A.2d 701 (1975), as controlling. Judge Blatt, writing for the Court, reasoned with regard to virtually identical regulations*fn2 that,
[ 43 Pa. Commw. Page 206]
where a patient may no longer be in need of continued acute hospital care but does need some lower level care . . . that it would be an abuse of administrative discretion to deny reimbursement to hospitals which have diligently put forth every effort to locate, without success, an appropriate lesser care facility or a competent relative for the patient.
21 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. at 166, 343 A.2d at 704.
Judge Blatt concluded:
In such circumstances there is still a medical necessity for the hospital services.
The instant facts stand in marked contrast to those in Temple, supra. There, neither a lesser care facility nor a competent relative was available. Here, a foster home was available and adult family members (children of the patient) were aware of the patient's needs and in control of her money. The family was repeatedly warned of the hospital expenses that would result from delayed transfer. The hospital delayed transfer as a result of the family pressure even though funds were available from the Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation.
We hold that reimbursement of the hospital in this instance would constitute a capricious disregard of the proper utilization of very limited welfare resources which are undeniably necessary to care for the medically needy.
And Now, this 4th day of June, 1979, the order of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Public Welfare, dated March 2, 1978, denying the appeal of Armstrong County Memorial Hospital is affirmed.