No. 122 March Term, 1978, Appeal from the Order of the Superior Court at 421 April 1977 affirming the Order of the Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division, Allegheny County, at No. 3635 July 1974 Issue No. 92263.
Homer W. King, David L. Beck, Pittsburgh, for appellant.
S. Asher Winikoff, Rosenberg, Kirshner & Kaleugher, Pittsburgh, for Mark Puliafico.
Eagen, C. J., and O'Brien, Roberts, Nix, Manderino and Larsen, JJ.
On November 10, 1972, appellant, Scott Berkey, and Leo Dafner were involved in an automobile collision with appellee, Mark Puliafico. Appellant and Dafner brought a trespass action alleging negligence against appellee, who then joined appellant as an additional defendant.*fn1 The case was assigned to the Arbitration Division of the Allegheny County Court*fn2 and on March 22, 1976, a panel of arbitrators made the following finding and award: "for 1) Plaintiff Leo Dafner in the amount of (2,000.00) two thousand dollars against the original defendant and the additional defendant. 2) Defendant Mark Puliafico on the claim of Scott Berkey".
Appellant then exercised his statutory right to appeal*fn3 by timely filing a standard Notice of Appeal from which read as follows: "Scott Berkey (only), Appellant does hereby appeal from the award of the Arbitrators in the above-captioned case, which award was entered of record on 22 day of March, 1976." (The caption of this form listed "Scott Berkey" as a plaintiff and as an additional defendant.) Thereafter, appellee filed a motion for an order to compel entry of judgment against himself and appellant-Scott Berkey as additional defendant on the Dafner claim contending that appellant had appealed in his capacity as plaintiff, only.*fn4 Relying solely upon Ottaviano v. Southeastern Pa. Transportation Authority (SEPTA), 239 Pa. Super. 363, 361 A.2d 810 (1976), the lower court granted appellee's request and entered an order directing the Prothonotary to enter judgment against appellee as a defendant and against appellant as an additional defendant. Appellant appealed to the Superior Court which affirmed per curiam (dissenting opinion, Price, J.) and on July 11, 1978, this Court granted appellant's petition for allowance of appeal.
Appellant contends that his appeal was taken in his capacity as both a plaintiff and an additional defendant,
and, thus, the lower court erroneously ordered judgment to be entered against him as additional defendant. We agree.
In Ottaviano v. SEPTA, plaintiff-Ottaviano was also an additional defendant. After receiving adverse awards in both these capacities, Ottaviano filed an appeal "on behalf of plaintiff, Joseph Ottaviano only . . . ." Ottaviano then satisfied the judgment against him as additional defendant. The Superior Court concluded that Ottaviano had appealed as a plaintiff only and that the unappealed award was a final determination of the issue of his negligence which would bar any future litigation of the same issue, namely, the appeal de novo ...