No. 76 October Term, 1977, Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence in the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, Trial Division, Criminal Section, Nos. 9-12, July Sessions 1973.
Helen T. M. McCaffrey, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Eric B. Henson, Assistant District Attorney, Philadelphia, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Jacobs, President Judge, and Hoffman, Cercone, Price, Van der Voort, Spaeth and Hester, JJ. Hester, J., files a dissenting statement. Jacobs, former President Judge, and Hoffman, J., did not participate in the consideration or decision of this case.
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On November 2, 1973, appellant was convicted following a non-jury trial of robbery,*fn1 theft by extortion,*fn2 criminal conspiracy,*fn3 and theft by receiving stolen property.*fn4 Post-trial motions were denied, and appellant was sentenced. No direct appeal was taken. Thereafter, on November 12, 1974, appellant filed a petition for relief under the Post Conviction Hearing Act (P.C.H.A.),*fn5 which was amended following appointment of counsel. Appellant was granted permission to appeal nunc pro tunc following the P.C.H.A. hearing. For the reasons stated herein, we remand the case for further proceedings.
The trial transcript shows that on June 12, 1973, during early morning hours, a trolley passenger was robbed at gunpoint in West Philadelphia. Appellant and two accomplices exited the trolley and, two blocks further, the victim, having spotted a police car, also exited the trolley and summoned aid. Appellant and one accomplice were located and positively identified by victim and a second trolley rider. Appellant's statement of the question on appeal is:
"Was the failure of trial counsel to inform appellant of the difference between the legal proceedings taking place
[ 265 Pa. Super. Page 57]
in order for appellant to present his alibi witnesses a denial of due process?"
Testimony in this question was developed before the court below. However, the lower court abided by the dictate of Commonwealth v. Drummond, 238 Pa. Super. 311, 357 A.2d 600 (1976), and, once having determined that appellant would be permitted to appeal nunc pro tunc, the court refrained from addressing appellant's other P.C.H.A. assertions. See Commonwealth v. Gaston, 474 Pa. 218, 378 A.2d 297 (1977); Commonwealth v. Webster, 466 Pa. 314, 353 A.2d 372 (1976).
In Commonwealth v. Diggs, 254 Pa. Super. 262, 385 A.2d 1010 (1978), we were faced with a similar situation. The appellant was before us on a nunc pro tunc appeal following a P.C.H.A. hearing. He asserted one claim reserved in post-trial motions and argued two ineffectiveness of counsel issues not addressed by the lower court under Drummond. We affirmed the suppression court's finding and remanded the case for an evidentiary hearing on the two issues of ineffectiveness.
In the instant case, we do not have the benefit of an evaluation by the court below of the witnesses' credibility or any findings of fact. We therefore remand the case for an evidentiary hearing on this matter. Commonwealth v. Twiggs, 460 Pa. 105, 331 A.2d 440 (1975). If it is found that appellant was deprived of effective assistance, a new trial shall be ordered. If, on the ...