decided: March 14, 1979.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
WILLIAM J. KELLY, APPELLANT
No. 417 January Term, 1977, Appeal from the Judgment of the Superior Court filed November 22, 1976, at No. 1074 October Term, 1976, Affirming the Orders of Judgments of Sentence of the Court of Common Pleas, Trial Division, Criminal Section, Philadelphia, at Nos. 2381 to 2385 March Term, 1975.
Alfonso Tumini, Armando A. Pandola, Philadelphia, for appellant.
Bernard L. Siegel, Deputy Dist. Atty., Erie, for appellee.
O'Brien, Roberts, Pomeroy, Nix, Manderino and Larsen, JJ. Manderino, J., filed a dissenting opinion. Eagen, C. J., did not participate in the consideration or decision of this case. Pomeroy, former J., did not participate in the decision of this case.
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OPINION OF THE COURT
In August 1975, appellant was convicted by a jury of one count of obstructing the administration of the law, 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 5101, three counts of perjury, 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 4902, and one count of bribery, 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 4701. Post-trial motions were denied and appellant was sentenced to three to twenty months in prison on the three perjury counts. Sentence was suspended on all other counts. On appeal the Superior Court affirmed. 245 Pa. Super. 351, 369 A.2d 438 (1976). After review of the record and consideration of appellant's contentions, we find no basis for disturbing the order of the Superior Court and we affirm.*fn*
Only one issue merits comment. The trial court in this case placed notations on the verdict slip seeking to identify for the jury the separate counts charged. We are satisfied that sending out with the jury a verdict slip with identifying notations is not prohibited by Rule 1114, Pa.R.Crim.P. Here, where there were numerous separate and distinct charges against appellant, we find no abuse of the trial court's discretion in concluding that there was a need for the identifying notations. The notations themselves, while not ideally drawn, were nevertheless in essence neutral and
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viewed in the context of the court's instructions not suggestive or prejudicial.
Unlike Commonwealth v. Baker, 466 Pa. 382, 353 A.2d 406 (1976), the language on the verdict slip here is not a condensed and potentially misleading statement of the court's instructions. On its face the verdict slip left to the jury the decision whether defendant was guilty or not guilty. That the notations referred incidentally to some aspect of the Commonwealth's evidence does not in and of itself require reversal in the circumstances of this case.
Nonetheless, it is not inappropriate to observe as a general prudential principle that identifying notations which are not completely neutral create a potential for prejudice. It is therefore desirable for trial courts in the exercise of their discretion: (1) to determine after consultation with counsel whether, due to the complexity of the charges and the nature of the trial, there is a clear need for identifying notations on a verdict slip to avoid confusion by the jury concerning the issues before it; and (2) if such a clear need appears, to determine, after conferring with counsel, the text which best preserves the impartiality of the verdict slip. We are satisfied that trial courts together with counsel can achieve that result.
The judgment of the Superior Court is affirmed.
MANDERINO, Justice, dissenting.
I dissent. Rule 1114 of our Rules of Criminal Procedure specifies that "[u]pon retiring [to] deliberations, the jury
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shall not be permitted to have a transcript of any trial testimony, nor a copy of any written confession by the defendant, nor a copy of the information and indictment. Otherwise, upon retiring, the jury may take with it such exhibits as the trial judge deems proper." (emphasis added). Appellant argues here, as he did before the Superior Court, that the trial court erred in allowing the jury to take with it certain "verdict slips" on which the jury was to record its verdict as to each count against appellant, and on which a limited recitation of the facts forming the basis for each count was typed at the trial judge's direction. These "verdict slips" contained the following description of each count:
"2381 Obstructing Administration of Law or Other Governmental Functions
September 27, 1973
Arrest of Andy Marino (Sgt. Andrew Morrese) Chippy's Bar.
Testimony of Defendant before Special Investigating Grand Jury on
December 20, 1974 Regarding Truth of Statement in Oath Before
Judge Melton to Secure Warrant:
Testimony of Defendant Before Special Investigating Grand Jury on
December 20, 1974 Regarding Speaking to Narcise Prior to Raid on
September 27, 1973.
Oath of Defendant Before Judge Melton on September 27, 1973 that
He Did conduct a Surveillance of Chippy's Bar on September 25, 1973
between the hours of 12:15 P.M. and 1:00 P.M.
# 2384BRIBERY IN OFFICIAL AND POLITICAL MATTERS:
Receipt of $20.00 from Narcise on or about July 30, 1973.
Receipt of $20.00 from Narcise on or about Sept. 7, 1973.
Receipt of $20.00 from Narcise on or about Sept. 18, 1973.
Receipt of $50.00 from Narcise on or about Oct. 3, 1973.
The brief factual descriptions accompanying each count do not fall squarely within those items specifically prohibited by Rule 1114 -- namely, a transcript of trial testimony, a copy
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of a written confession or a copy of the information or indictment -- nor are they "exhibits" such as may be permitted by the Rule. Nevertheless, the danger presented by allowing the jury to take those prohibited items with it during deliberations is equally present here. The prohibition ". . . are designed to ensure that the jury does not give undue weight to those written materials before them." Com. v. Baker, 466 Pa. 382, 400, 353 A.2d 406, 415 (1976) (dissenting opinion of Roberts, J.).
Mr. Justice Roberts words of dissent in Com. v. Baker, supra are equally applicable here.
"The court's procedure in this case could only encourage the jury to ignore the court's general instructions and to reach a verdict without a complete analysis of the issues involved.
This could have created an impression with the jury that the court considered such definitions unimportant and is similar to an instruction to consider only part of the evidence. Moreover, the jury might have also structured its entire deliberation solely around answering these questions, thus short-circuiting full consideration of all the evidence and the general instructions. These dangers jeopardized defendant's right to a fair trial."
Id., 466 Pa. at 402, 353 A.2d at 416.
Similarly, by including a brief description of some of the evidence associated with each count, the court in the instant case may have encouraged the jury to conclude that other evidence was considered unimportant by the court, and that the listed "facts" were the only ones that needed to be considered by the jury. Additionally, these cryptic summaries may have caused the jury to believe that the listed "facts" has been proven by the prosecution. "These dangers jeopardized [appellant's] right to a fair trial." Id., 466 Pa. at 402, 353 A.2d at 416. I therefore dissent.